Category: 

What is Ageusia?

The inability to taste is referred to as ageusia.
Many taste disorders are linked to smell disorders.
Injuries to the papillae on the tongue can also damage taste buds and lead to ageusia.
Article Details
  • Written By: Mary McMahon
  • Edited By: Jay Garcia
  • Last Modified Date: 22 October 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
The CDC reported that eight foods, including peanuts and milk, account for 90% of food allergies.  more...

October 25 ,  1971 :  The United Nations expelled Taiwan and admitted China.  more...

Ageusia is the inability to taste. True ageusia is quite rare, and it can be caused by a number of things. More commonly, people have what is known as a “taste disorder,” meaning that their sense of taste is impaired, but not entirely absent. Many taste disorders are linked to smell disorders since the experiences of smell and taste are very closely related. People who suffer from ageusia often seek medical attention, since taste is viewed as a critical sense by many humans.

In true ageusia, a patient cannot taste anything applied to his or her tongue. More commonly, people have hypogeusia, a taste disorder in which the patient has trouble differentiating tastes or experiencing certain tastes. Older people, for example, tend to be less sensitive to bitter flavors. People can also develop dysgeusia, in which the sense of taste is distorted or altered.

On its own, ageusia is a problem for many sufferers because it interferes with the enjoyment of food. Someone with ageusia may eat substantially less than he or she should, potentially experiencing malnourishment. The sense of taste is also critically important in detecting signs that food has gone “off,” in combination with the sense of smell, which means that someone with ageusia may eat something which makes him or her sick.

Ad

Congenital ageusia, in which someone is born without a sense of taste, is very unusual. More commonly, the condition is acquired as a result of neurological problems, endocrine issues, or localized problems such as infection, inflammation, or damage to the tongue. Smokers and drinkers also tend to experience ageusia because their taste buds are desensitized by their habits.

To diagnose ageusia, a doctor usually performs a taste test, determining which tastes people can detect, and at which concentrations. Taste testing kits are available for this purpose, allowing doctors to use carefully calibrated tastes to test their patients. The doctor may also review the patient's history to get at the underlying cause of the problem, and to determine a course of treatment.

Treatments for ageusia vary, depending on the cause of the condition. A healthy smoker, for example, might be able to resolve the problem by cutting back on smoking or quitting altogether. Someone with a neurological or endocrine problem might discover that the ageusia will be resolved if the underlying medical condition is addressed with medication, surgery, or other forms of medical therapy.

Ad

More from Wisegeek

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

anon257987
Post 4

After a relatively heavy cold almost two weeks ago, I am still having difficulty in detecting any taste from my food - although my sense of smell has somewhat returned. I also have had undiagnosed unilateral anosmia since early childhood, and I'm concerned that this current lack of taste stems from my functioning olfactory senses being damaged by this recent cold/flu.

I am feeling somewhat phobic about this - hoping it will resolve itself in the next few days.

anon247319
Post 3

@Post 2: I feel bad for you.

anon124191
Post 2

i have no taste or smell due to a concussion that occurred four years ago. I am 57 and at times never want to eat again. Any suggestions as to how to get some enjoyment out of food again?

anon117772
Post 1

Very helpful! Two doctors did not mention this disorder. But I do not have taste or smell. They said I would never taste anything again. I am 76. Thank goodness I'm not 50. I see my doc tomorrow and will mention it. Thank you.

Post your comments

Post Anonymously

Login

username
password
forgot password?

Register

username
password
confirm
email