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What Is a Weedy Sea Dragon?

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  • Written By: A. Leverkuhn
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 30 November 2016
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The weedy sea dragon is a specific species of sea-dwelling animal that is currently a protected species. It has a limited habitat consisting of areas of Australia and Tasmania. In these southern locales, the weedy sea dragon is receiving a lot of attention, as it is the only species of its genus. The scientific name is Phyllopteryx taeniolatus.

Scientists have called this animal a distant cousin to the seahorse. In its form, it resembles a seahorse, not only in stature, but in design and behavior. The weedy sea dragon does not reach more than about 50 centimeters long. It has a long snout that it uses to feed, and a seahorse-like body.

On the body of the weedy sea dragon is the protective covering for which the species gets its name. Small “weedy” appendages protrude from the body of the animal. These help it to be camouflaged, as the weedy sea dragon can blend into the seaweed found in its habitat. This marine creature feeds on plankton and small items in these weedy reefs.

Although there are no other species in the genus Phyllopteryx, the weedy sea dragon has a distinctly similar peer in the phycodurus eques or leafy sea dragon. This animal has a similar camouflage system and general build. This species shares the limited range of environment of the above-mentioned weedy sea dragon.

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Although the Phyllopteryx taeniolatus is currently endangered in its natural habitat, efforts to keep it in captivity have been somewhat successful. Scientists are reporting on ongoing efforts to help the weedy sea dragon reproduce in a controlled environment. From Hong Kong to the U.S., research teams are working with the creature to see if this embattled species can start to grow its world population again.

One of the main challenges of working with this animal is in handling its colorful yellow eggs. According to scientific observation, the male of the species carries these eggs, which is unusual. To be successful in reproducing the animal, the keepers must provide an effective environment for these eggs.

In order to breed the Phyllopteryx taeniolatus, scientists are examining both its reproductive system and other bodily processes that might shed some light on how to provide for these marine animals in a controlled system. The digestive system is a major focus for some science teams. Marine biologists are hoping to become more familiar with what it takes to support this species so that it does not become extinct.

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