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A shootout is a term used to describe a gun battle in which one or more parties shoots one or more guns at each other or at other people or things. Military installations have historically engaged in battles that can be labeled a shootout; two groups generally fight against each other, aiming to intimidate or kill the opposing force. A shootout may also occur between criminals and law enforcement officers, or between two groups of criminal elements. Shootouts may involve only two people or many people fighting as groups, and the aftermath usually results in injuries or casualties.
If people are killed during a shootout, they are often said to have been murdered. The offending murderer, if captured, can be tried in court and imprisoned, or even sentenced to death depending on the region in which the crime occurred. Other criminal charges can be brought to either opposing side of the gun battle as well, and the severity of those charges can vary significantly according to the specific situation.
The circumstances surrounding a shootout can vary significantly. Wars are perhaps the most common venue for gun battles, but a shootout can also occur on city streets in the form of drive-by shootings, gang-related violence, or clashes between the police and a criminal. Shootouts have also been known to happen during hostage situations, school shootings — in which, very often, the battle is one-sided, with gunmen shooting at unarmed students or faculty — standoffs, bank robberies, and so on.
Gun laws have been implemented in many countries to help prevent gun battles and prosecute perpetrators should one occur. Throughout history, shootouts were often equated with areas of lawlessness, such as the American Wild West; this territory of the country was known for its lawlessness during its infancy as part of the country, and shootouts were fairly common. As the population of these areas increased and the government began to develop gun laws to protect people from gun violence, shootouts became less common but never disappeared entirely.
Shootouts are often portrayed and glamorized in films, television, and writing. The events that take place during a shootout can be easily dramatized for effect, and in fiction, shootouts are often opportunities for a hero to emerge from the fracas. Villains are easily identified and the hero very often triumphs over evil, often by performing superhuman feats such as avoiding bullets or being shot and continuing to fight anyway.