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What Is a Palmetto Tree?

The palmetto plant has a variety of meanings for different people.
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  • Written By: Dee S.
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 21 August 2014
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The Palmetto tree can signify different things to different groups of people. For the people of South Carolina, it is deeply tied to their history. For people who merely enjoy various kinds of palms, it is a beautiful perennial tree that can be found across the Southeastern United States and the West Indies.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has several names for the Palmetto tree, including Sabal Palmetto, Cabbage Palmetto, Blue palm, and Inodes Palmetto. It is part of the palm family. It is usually grown to provide shade and to make long streets aesthetically pleasing. The Palmetto tree can grow to approximately 80 feet (24 m) in height and is known for its leaves that are shaped like fans. It grows best in finely textured soils and is a slow grower — only reaching 15 feet (4.6 m) tall when it is 20 years old.

The Palmetto tree has white flowers which bloom in the summer. It has gray-green foliage that can be quite wide in diameter. The black fruit has a single seed and is quite abundant. In fact, the fruit is commonly consumed by animals and research has shown that it is responsible for feeding nearly 25% of the robins and raccoons in the area where it is found.

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The Palmetto tree is the official state tree of South Carolina. It was adopted as such in 1939 by Joint Resolution. It can be found on the South Carolina flag and the State Seal.

The Palmetto tree symbolizes the defeat of the British on Sullivan’s Island on 28 June 1776, during the Revolutionary War. The American troops defended Sullivan’s Island from a fort made from Palmetto logs. The Palmetto logs were spongy enough to deflect the British cannon balls. As a result of that particular battle, the British were not allowed to take over Charleston harbor and the day is still celebrated as Carolina Day.

Native Americans used the plant for a variety of purposes. They often ate the palm hearts. In fact, it was reported to taste like cabbage. Palmetto tree seeds and berries are sweet tasting, but have a bitter aftertaste. They were often used to cure a headache or reduce a low fever.

The Palmetto tree has a trunk that is water-resistant, so it is often used in the construction of wharfs and piers. In addition, baskets and various mats are often made from the Palmetto leaves. The buds can be consumed by humans and are often used in salads and in making relishes, olives, and pickles.

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Discuss this Article

googlefanz
Post 3

So what's the big deal with the palmetto tree and crescent moon? Now I know the significance of the tree, but what about the moon? Was the battle fought at night or something, or does the crescent have some other South Carolinian significance?

I'm getting ready to move into the Charleston area, so I'm trying to find out as much information as I can beforehand. Do you have any more resources of a similar nature that I could look at? It seems like it's going to be a whole different world down there...

FirstViolin
Post 2

I recently moved into a house with a Sabal palmetto tree in the backyard, so I was trying to find out more information about it.

I had no idea that there was so much history associated with palmetto trees! It's so cool to finally understand why it became such a popular symbol like it did, and to understand more about its ecological importance.

I'm really glad that I found out all this information about the palmettos -- makes me feel a little better knowing why absolutely every one of my neighbors has their houses decked out in palmetto tree flags and merchandise. I'm not from around here, so I had no idea what the big deal was until I stumbled on this article -- thanks for cluing me in.

CopperPipe
Post 1

I grew up around Clemson, so the palmetto tree was just everywhere throughout my childhood. It's really crazy how you can just forget the original purpose of a symbol, especially with so many people using it.

I mean, you've got the palmetto tree decal and necklace, even palmetto tree flags and tattoos, but I bet you that most of the people wearing it don't know the significance behind it.

I certainly didn't, before reading this article. I'm really glad I know now though -- just gives me one more reason to be proud to be a South Carolinian! Very cool article, wisegeek!

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