@Albona - The ancient Mayans are believed to have had fairly accurate theories about stars, our solar system, and even the shape of the earth. Though their understanding was undoubtedly primitive in comparison to modern astronomical facts, the ancient Mayans, through the limited evidence they've left for us, seem to have had a shockingly accurate understanding of earth's movement in relation to the sun.
Similar evidence of advanced astronomical thought has been found in a number of ancient civilizations, in particular the ancient Egyptians. I think you would be shocked at how prophetic some societies were in attempting to interpret the stars. I am sure that other pre-astronomy societies however, have come up with some pretty ridiculous explanations for the shooting star phenomenon.