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What is a Lavalier Microphone?

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  • Written By: T Thompson
  • Edited By: L. S. Wynn
  • Last Modified Date: 11 August 2014
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A lavalier microphone is a small microphone that can be clipped onto a person's shirt to record his or her voice. Usually dynamic or electret microphones, these lapel mics usually have their own power source in the form of a small battery pack with one AA battery. The small size of lavalier microphones make them ideal for sit-down interviews as they provide a close perspective sound and block out a lot of ambient sound, such as traffic and wind. Many lavalier microphones are omni-directional, which means that the direction it is pointing is not significant. This also means that it can pick up other voices or sounds from nearby, however, which can distort the speaker's voice.

Lavalier microphones are used for a wide variety of productions, ranging from stage plays to film sets, and are relatively inexpensive to purchase. They can be wired or wireless, depending on production needs, and are good for scenes that don't involve a great deal of movement. If the person wearing the microphone is going to be moving significantly, his or her clothing is likely to rub against the microphone and cause static. It is, therefore, a good idea for someone to test the setup before use. An assistant can wear headphones linked to the microphone to help detect if the lavalier microphone begins rubbing against the wearer's clothing.

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Also, the person wearing the microphone is relatively limited as to how they can turn their head, so as to avoid any distortions in sound. If used for film, it's a good idea to use lavaliers in conjunction with a boom microphone, to make sure that all relevant sounds are recorded properly. The unwanted sounds can then be edited during post production to achieve the desired result.

If a lavalier microphone is expected to be used for a prolonged period of time, it is a good idea to have a few extra batteries on hand. Some good old-fashioned duct tape can also help to keep it anchored in the right position.

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anon157262
Post 3

Yes, but you'll need to remember that the mic will be much further away from the minister's mouth, so it won't pick up as much as the one he's using now. You've probably noticed how much the sound level drops off if he moves away from the mic.

There's a limit to how much you can turn mics up before you start to suffer from 'feedback' or 'howlround' and you'll probably find that it's impossible to go far enough to make it work.

Another thing you'll notice is that the fixed mic is probably quite directional and the lavalier won't be. That just makes the feedback problem worse, as the fixed mic will (should) be pointing away from the speakers and you've no control over the lavalier.

I use a headband mic with a radio pack to solve both problems. The mic is a constant distance from my mouth, so the volume stays constant and it has a directional pickup, so it doesn't feed back as soon. Good luck.

anon15099
Post 1

Our church has a PA system with a fixed mic in the pulpit that works well. the system uses a Radio Shack amplifier. Can I get a lavalier mic that sends to the amplifier so the minister can move about on occasion? Walt

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