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What is a Hissing Cockroach?

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  • Written By: G. Melanson
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 27 November 2016
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Growing up to three inches (7.6 cm) in length, the Madagascar hissing cockroach, “hissing roach,” or “hisser,” is one of the world’s largest species of cockroaches. Native to the island of Madagascar, hissing cockroaches prefer dark and damp environments, often living in colonies in rotting trees or under wet leaves. The hissing cockroach feeds mostly on vegetable matter, and may live as long as five years in captivity. It is also adept at climbing almost any surface, including smooth glass. The male hissing cockroach can be distinguished from the female by its knobs, or “horns,” and thick, hairy antennae.

Unlike some other “hissing” insects that make their distinctive sound by rubbing together their wings, The Madagascar cockroach makes its signature sound by pushing air through the breathing pores located on its abdomen. The hissing cockroach will utter its snake-like hiss during courtship, when it has been perturbed, or -- if male -- when it has been challenged. Predators of the hissing cockroach include various birds native to Madagascar as well as the ring-tailed mongoose.

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Due to its bright, fiery coloring and inability to harm humans, the Madagascar hissing cockroach has become a popular novelty pet. Unlike some other species of roaches, the hissing cockroach does not have wings or eat other insects. As the hissing cockroach requires a warm environment in order to retain its normal energy and activity levels, domesticated hissing cockroaches are often kept in heated tanks or aquariums. They may be fed fresh vegetables, in addition to nutrient-rich pellet food high in fiber and protein. Certain states in the U.S., such as Florida, require owners of domesticated hissing cockroaches to have a permit for keeping them.

In fall 2006, Six Flags Great America launched a promotional campaign as part of its annual Halloween “FrightFest,” which granted front-of-the-line privileges to anyone who could eat a live hissing cockroach. In addition to offering these privileges on its amusement park attractions, Six Flags Great America also offered four season passes to any individual who could manage to beat the world-record for the largest amount of cockroaches eaten in one minute, which was then at 36.

In 2006, fashion designer Jared Gold of Salt Lake City, Utah transformed the Madagascar hissing cockroach into the latest must-have fashion accessory. Brightly colored Swarovski crystals and silver chains, or leashes, are affixed to live hissing cockroaches, which are then sold for $80 US Dollars each.

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