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What Is a Gum Lift?

A woman with healthy gums.
Dental surgeons can remove a portion of the gum tissue to reshape the gum line.
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  • Written By: Jacquelyn Gilchrist
  • Edited By: O. Wallace
  • Last Modified Date: 29 October 2014
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A gum lift is a type of dental surgery that is also commonly called a crown lengthening procedure or a gingivectomy. The surgeon will remove a portion of the gum tissue and reshape the gum line. This surgery may be performed for cosmetic purposes, to fix a tooth, or to treat gum disease. When it is done for cosmetic reasons, the goal of the surgery is to expose more of the tooth. Otherwise, a patient will undergo a gum lift to remove diseased gum tissue, or to allow a dentist to properly position a crown or a filling.

Before undergoing a gum lift, patients will likely meet with a periodontist to have x-rays taken. Patients may be advised to have a tooth cleaning performed prior to the surgery. They should inform the periodontist of any other medical conditions they have, including allergies, as well as any medications or supplements they are taking.

This dental surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, and typically takes about 30 minutes. A local anesthetic will be used to numb the area so that the patient does not experience any pain. The surgeon will then remove portions of the gum tissue, often with a laser.

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If the gum lift is performed for cosmetic reasons, the surgeon will remove excess gum tissue to make the gum line more even, also exposing more of the tooth. When the procedure is used to treat gum disease, the unhealthy tissues are removed and gums are reshaped so that they fit the teeth more tightly. Sometimes, gum tissue needs to be removed in order for a crown or filling to fit the tooth properly.

After performing the gum lift, the surgeon will apply a special putty over the gum line to protect it. This is a temporary adhesive, used to protect the tissues and enable the patient to eat soft foods during the healing process. In some cases, the patient may receive small stitches instead. The gums may take several weeks to fully heal. Those who undergo the surgery to receive a crown or filling should wait for three months before having this additional dental work done.

Before having a gum lift, patients should discuss the potential risks with their dentists. Some patients have reported that their teeth are more sensitive to hot and cold sensations. Occasionally, persistent bleeding may occur or an infection may develop. Those who smoke are at a greater risk of developing an infection. Patients should contact their doctors immediately if they experience persistent bleeding, persistent pain, or excessive swelling and discharge.

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Discuss this Article

Ocelot60
Post 3

@raynbow- Tell your father to follow the dietary recommendations that his oral surgeon recommends after his gum lift. This will promote gum healing which will also decrease the likelihood that his teeth will be sensitive.

People who eat foods that are crunchy, chewy, or difficult to chew following this type of gum surgery are likely to experience delayed healing of the surgical area. This will weaken the gums and most likely lead to sensitivity hot, cold, and hard foods.

Talentryto
Post 2

@raynbow- My mother had a gum lift, and she has had issues with tooth sensitivity since the procedure. She had it done for cosmetic reasons, because she wanted to improve her smile. She says that the results are worth the tooth sensitivity, though.

One thing that your father could try after his gum surgery is toothpaste for sensitive teeth. When used every day, it does help because it strengthens your teeth and builds a shield against hot and cold foods.

Raynbow
Post 1

Does anyone know how bad tooth sensitivity is following gum surgery? My father needs to have this procedure, but it concerned that it will make chewing and eating uncomfortable.

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