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What is a Die-Cast Car?

The metal that a die-cast car is comprised of is usually an alloy of zinc and aluminum, known as zamak, which is a cheap and is also easy to work with.
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  • Written By: Phil Shepley
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 12 August 2014
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One of the most popular items in the world of toys and collectibles is the die-cast car, which is a scale model of a real or fantasy car that has been manufactured by the die-casting method and is usually made from metal, plastic or a combination of both. The metal that a die-cast car is comprised of is usually an alloy of zinc and aluminum, known as zamak, which is a cheap metal to produce and is also easy to work with. A die-cast car can be a crude copy of an actual car, while others are very detailed replicas that copy tiny details such as engines or moving parts, like doors or wheels, of their real counterparts.

Prior to the mass production of the toy die-cast car for children and collectors everywhere, a popular hobby in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was to build small replicas of machines and vehicles. These early toys were often cast using a lead alloy that was difficult to work with and produced replicas that lacked in many details. For instance, the body of a car would not usually be hollowed out or have an interior. Before World War II, it was realized that there was a market for the die-cast car and other vehicles to be mass produced, and the process was quickly refined, not only to manufacture the toys faster, but also with a much greater level of detail.

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Today, there are limitless variations that are possible in a die-cast car. Most are based on actual vehicles, while others are either based upon fictional vehicles or are completely made up by the manufacturer. Another difference that can be found from one die-cast car to another is that of its scale, or size, some being tiny replicas the size of a matchbook and others being as large as one can imagine. Along with many of these toy cars are accessories, such as racetracks or play sets, made so a child can utilize his or her imagination when playing with die-cast cars.

The detail in a modern die-cast car includes color that is faithful to an actual vehicle’s paint job, a wider range of moving parts, better running gear, individual customizations and more, all of which can be produced at a price affordable to the collector. Some of these collectors are children, of course, who love to play with the vehicles and do not care about the monetary value of their vehicle replicas. Other collectors, young and old alike, make it a point to keep the die-cast vehicles in their collection in pristine condition, going so far as to not remove them from their original packaging in hopes that the value will increase over time.

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