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What Is a Computer?

A computer is a machine that processes commands to perform specific tasks.
IBM's Deep Blue was a supercomputer that exhibited artificial intelligence by playing chess against human Grand Masters.
Motherboard.
Dual core processor mounted to a motherboard.
A RAM module.
A computer technician works on computer.
A computer programmer designs software.
An MP3 player is an embedded computer.
Apple Computer's Steve Jobs was a major force behind the development of mobile computing.
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We are all familiar with what a computer is in a specific, contemporary sense. Personal computers (PCs) are found in most aspects of daily life, and for some it is hard to even imagine a world without them. But the term means more than simply the Macs and PCs we are familiar with. A computer is, at its most basic, a machine which can take instructions, and perform computations based on those instructions.

It is the ability to take instructions — often known as programs — and execute them, that distinguishes a computer from a mechanical calculator. While both are able to make computations, a calculator responds simply to immediate input. In fact, most modern calculators are actually computers, with a number of pre-installed programs to help aid in complex tasks.

Computers range from the very small to the very large. Some are capable of doing millions of calculations in a single second, while others may take long periods of time to do even the most simple calculations. But theoretically, anything one computer is capable of doing, another will also be able to do. Given the right instructions, and sufficient memory, a computer found in a wristwatch should be able to accomplish anything a supercomputer can — although it might take thousands of years for the wristwatch to complete the operation.

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At one time, computers were extremely large, and required enormous amounts of power. This made them useful only for a small amount of tasks — computing trajectories for astronomical or military applications, for example, or code breaking. Over time, with technological advances, they were scaled down and their energy requirements lowered immensely. This allowed the power to be harnessed for a staggering array of uses.

As prevalent as PCs are, they do not nearly begin to scratch the surface of computer use in our world. Interactive devices of all sorts contain their own computers. Cellular telephones, GPS units, portable organizers, ATM machines, gas pumps, and millions of other devices all make use of them to streamline their operations, and to offer features which would be impossible without one.

A computer like this is often referred to as an embedded computer. The embedded type is differentiated from a PC because it is essentially static in its function. While a PC, some cellular telephones, and some personal organizers are able to have new software installed, and make use of a wide range of features, an embedded computer usually has only a few purposes, which are relatively fixed once the device is manufactured.

Embedded systems vary in the amount of change that can happen to them after production. An MP3 player, for example, is an embedded computer, but can have quite a bit of interaction and changes made to it. It may allow the user to alter the colors used, change the clock, update firmware, and change the songs or playlists in memory. One within a traffic light, to take another example, is probably quite fixed. It is set to respond to a few certain programs — time of day, a trigger when a car approaches, and perhaps input from a central database in the case of more advanced systems. These programs are not built for interactivity, and will likely never be changed over the system’s life.

The computer is one of the most powerful innovations in human history. With their use, people are suddenly able to perform a staggering amount of computations at dazzling speeds. Information can be crunched, organized, and displayed in the blink of an eye. As technology continues to advance, the computer will no doubt become even more pervasive — and in many cases, likely even less recognizable.

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Discuss this Article

anon352539
Post 136

A computer is a nice thing that makes life easier.

anon316611
Post 130

I'm glad I came across this article because this computer stuff is all new to me but I'm willing to give it a go. What I have learned and accomplished so far has been great!

anon295575
Post 127

Computers are only a waste if you allow them to be. They have allowed me to teach my kids way beyond their grade level and makes working from home possible.

anon291150
Post 126

I think that this article is all the info you need to understand a basic computer. The thing I like about it is that it does not go into a lot of details so you do not get confused. A lot of other websites go into so many details that there is not a main point. I like the article a lot because the point is given straight and simple and right away.

anon290524
Post 125

Charles Babbage, known as the father of computers, found this very interesting machine in the late 1970's. What the world is waiting for is the complete introduction of Artificial Intelligence and its behaviour. How artificial intelligence is going to influence man is a big question in everybody's mind. With such newly introduced technologies, let us hope the artificial intelligence will be the best for mankind.

anon270724
Post 120

I want to know something: how do computers vary from one another?

This is something I want to know, but why are computers so laggy? Mine lags way too much. Is there anything I can do to fix it? No matter how many anti virus things I run, it won't work properly! Help me out. What can I do?

anon235382
Post 113

will computers think for themselves or they will have a mind of their own? --Heaven

anon214687
Post 111

I completely disagree with anon7338. Email, games, personal social outlets have taken over past times and normal work hours and turned them into productive hours. It helps the imagination and most kids don't know how to copy and paste. A lot of people use computers for research, homework or to gain knowledge. -LilNava

anon169836
Post 107

It is your fans that makes the noise, not the CPU.

computer1
Post 106

Nice article about computers. Thanks.

computer1
Post 105

How to reduce the sound from CPU? It is too noisy in my CPU.

tejam
Post 102

Computers because of their high speed processing, reliability, display and networking capabilities are very useful. But they can only do softwork like maintaining information, playing movies, visual computer games, songs etc.

anon137604
Post 99

I have p3 intel. can i run windows 7 on it without any problem.

anon135837
Post 98

On embedded computers: a computer outright is a machine that can process or compute data. An electronic computer is an electronic machine that runs software and accepts user input of data or commands.

You then have machines that are micro processor (uP) controlled by an embedded software. Even with a computer the heart of the machine is the Micro Processor or refereed to the CPU which can be an array of them.

Today's equipment is integrated with uPs that either run from ROM or PROMs. They do not really run software like the PC's or mainframes do. Automated equipment is controlled this way. Some times equipment is run from computers. Cars and trucks have these systems.

In some specialized uses uP are integrated in systems like flight controls that can run specialized software but are not considered computers or PC. The technicians and engineers that work on these systems are not considered as computer people but avionics systems workers. They do employ computer software and hardware engineers to integrate the systems to uP control.

Then you have factory or other automated systems that may interface with computers but the people who maintain or design them are not computer people. --Scottar

anon127979
Post 95

A computer is an electronic machine capable of accepting data from an input device, processing through the means of the processor, presenting data as information through output devices,storing through storage memory and retrieving back the store data. it is also a fast machine that is use for every day activity in banks, commerce, government parameters and the public in general.

anon127884
Post 94

computers are there to make our work easier. it is not something that we should abuse so please make full use of it.

anon121382
Post 93

is there any one who can give me the details of the history of the computer?

anon101340
Post 88

A fatal error means the computer is about to amputate your brain (I mean this in a mostly metaphoric sense). Actually it means that software has encountered an error (usually due to user-interference) that it cannot recover from on its own.

Computers cannot replace humankind: we make them. They don't make us.

And, finally, this article did nothing to help me research my assignment, though this website is usually fairly informative. I agree, it is a hard task to speak of computers without getting into the specifics of the many operations they carry out. Oh well, the search continues.

anon88750
Post 85

It's a very useful site which gives us information about computers.

anon84893
Post 84

Computers are just some stupid device thing you waste your money on.

anon83225
Post 82

when did the first computers appear?

anon68518
Post 77

a computer is a magic 8 ball. you ask, it answers.

temple22
Post 74

what are the major advantages and disadvantages of a computer and how does the windows xp help in the computer?

anon60381
Post 71

I agree with anon48209: a simple explanation is all we need! A computer is a machine that accepts data, processes it, and then outputs information.

eg. lloeh --process-- hello

(input) (output)

anon54729
Post 70

You all sound like you're from the 1300's. If you don't understand what a computer is now in 2009, then go churn some more butter.

nimer7c
Post 51

I have learned that computers range from the very small to the very large. Some are capable of doing millions of calculations in a single second, while others may take long periods of time to do even the most simple calculations.I also learned that an mp3 player is embedded. Once, computers required large amounts of power to work and were used for code breaking. Computers are like calculators but bigger and better. Cellular telephones, ATM machines, gas pumps and millions of other devices all make use of computers to work and without a computer, making these machines work would be impossible.

anon51407
Post 47

A computer is what will replace mankind in the coming years, without a doubt.

prav04
Post 46

I learned that computers are something that we really need in our everyday lives. If one computer can do a job, then any other computer in the world can do the same job, though it can take different times for each computer to do it. For example, it can take one computer one second and a different computer maybe even a few years. I also learned that long ago, you needed a lot of energy to use a computer, so you could only use it sometimes. But, these days most people can't live without a computer. Pravnit-7C

anon50684
Post 45

I learned that computers use to be really large and uses up massive amounts of energy so they were only used for a small number of tasks like military operations and astronomical purposes. but now they decreased in size, the power need has lowered immensely and this allowed the power of the computer to be harnessed for a staggering array of uses. The computer is one of the most powerful innovations in human history. With the use of computers, people are suddenly able to perform a staggering amount of computations at dazzling speeds.

manjot7c
Post 44

I learned that a computer is a machine which can take instructions and perform computations based on those instructions. Computers can be small and large. Once, computers required large amounts of power to work and were used for code breaking. Computers are like calculators but bigger and better. Cellular telephones, ATM machines, gas pumps and millions of other devices all make use of computers to work and without a computer making these machines work would be impossible.

harchet
Post 43

A computer has the ability to take instructions. Some computers can do a 100 calculations in one second others take hours for a simple calculation. But anything one computer is capable of doing, another computer will also be able to do it. At one time, computers were extremely large, and required enormous amounts of power. That is why they weren't really useful but now some people can't live without them.

anon50681
Post 42

A computer is a machine that helps get information and learn it too. Computers are something very useful and important to many people. Many things are stored in a computer like: music, games, e-mail,etc. The computer is a technology we use in our daily lives. The computer is made of very small parts. There are many types of computers such as personal and super. Everyone around the world uses a computer. In the end I would like to say computers is something we need in our daily lives.

anon50676
Post 37

computers are very handy sources of information. They can be used as calculators, televisions and many more things. Small computers are easy to use.

anon50675
Post 36

I know now that even the simplest of objects that do the simplest of jobs like calculators and digital watches are computers. I understand that a computer takes instructions and does the job. I did not know that computers used to be really huge and took a lot of power. Even a gasoline pump is operated by a computer. I see that computers have made the world an easier place, but if you do not handle them with care, they could be hazardous to a child's health.

Anmol S Sangha 7C

anon50674
Post 35

Computers are really helpful. Most people use them today. There are many electronics and other technologies that have come from computers including: Ipods, MP3's, and video games like the PlayStation 3. Computers are great!

gunwantk
Post 34

Computer is an electronic device that processess your information.

anon49846
Post 33

A computer is a device that takes information and data and then outputs it and stores it.

anon48209
Post 32

I am befuddled. How can we relate this simple definition of a computer, i.e a machine that accepts information, processes it and then gives/stores results: to all the uses that computers are put to. I don't understand it. :(

anon47721
Post 30

thanks that helped a lot. :)

anon46734
Post 29

you're good.

anon46498
Post 28

what is error code 0000009?

anon46497
Post 27

what is error code 0000008?

anon46419
Post 26

computers can be either good or bad if not harmful, depending on the usage.

anon46316
Post 25

Nice stuff man!

anon43456
Post 23

what do you mean by DNS?

anon38889
Post 20

are computers healthy?

anon38015
Post 19

Why do we use computers?

anon34513
Post 17

How do you know which card to buy? I will be using it mainly to log onto the golf channel's website and to process credit cards. My computer model is the Averatec 3200.

anon25280
Post 13

where i can find the cookie, my mozilla internet browser always crashes. thnx

anon21870
Post 12

a very good description....but as a teacher, I cannot explain in that manner, they would not understand such "big words." therefore, I would say that: A computer is a device that takes information(DATA), does something with it called processing and gives output/storage.

A modern computer has two(2) components. They are called Hardware & Software.

Hardware: All the physics parts of the computer; example:Monitor, C.P.U., Keyboard, Mouse.

Software: The instructions that run a computer; example:Windows XP, Word, Lotus notes.

Is it good? I certainly hope so......:)

theni
Post 10

what is a fatal error?

Moderator's reply: check out our article, what is the blue screen of death?, for more information on computer errors.

theni
Post 9

we use computers in order to do a lot of work in shorter time, because computers can do millions of work in shorter time.

theni
Post 8

computer is a device capable of interpreting, executing program commands.

anon13327
Post 7

computers been around a long time, most computers process data faster then older machines, computers are interesting machines...

and the history goes on....

anon12980
Post 6

Why do we use computers?

anon12802
Post 5

what is error code 7?

anon7338
Post 4

Computers and mainly the internet have become a vast waste of time and resources. Email, games, personal social outlets have taken over past times and normal work hours and turned them into non productive hours. The worst part is how it has turned kids into copy/paste zombies without imagination.

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