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What Is a Cerebellar Hemorrhage?

Rupture of blood vessels is often the cause of a hemorrhage in the cerebellum.
Vomiting and dizziness can be a sign of cerebellar hemorrhage.
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  • Written By: N. Madison
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 28 July 2014
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A cerebellar hemorrhage is a condition marked by bleeding in a part of the brain that is referred to as the cerebellum. This bleeding typically occurs as the result of the rupture of blood vessels. Unfortunately, this type of hemorrhage is a serious health problem, as it can interfere with the flow of blood to the affected patient's brain. Among the symptoms of cerebellar hemorrhage are a severe headache that develops suddenly; gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting; and dizziness. A person may also experience impaired coordination and sluggishness as a result of a cerebellar hemorrhage.

When bleeding occurs in the part of the brain that is called the cerebellum, it is referred to as a cerebellar hemorrhage. The cerebellum is part of the back portion of the brain and plays an important role in balance and movement. The bleeding that occurs when a person has a cerebellar hemorrhage develops because of the rupture of small blood vessels in the brain. These blood vessels have the critical job of supplying blood to a person’s brain cells.

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There are many symptoms a person may suffer when he has a cerebellar hemorrhage, and many of them are similar to those of a stroke. For example, the development of a sudden and intense headache is one of the symptoms a person may experience. Often, people with this condition also suffer from nausea or vomiting as well as dizziness, neck pain, and extreme fatigue; balance and coordination problems may appear as a result of this condition as well. For instance, some people experience difficulty walking or extreme clumsiness. Confusion, vertigo, and even a coma may be among the symptoms of this type of hemorrhage.

There are several things that may cause a cerebellar hemorrhage. In the vast majority of cases, however, high blood pressure is the cause. Sometimes people also develop this condition because of bleeding disorders or an aneurysm. In some cases, the condition is the result of a head injury or a malformation in the brain. Additionally, cocaine abuse may play a role in some cases of cerebellar hemorrhage.

Treatment of this type of hemorrhage may involve surgery on the affected part of the patient’s brain. Doctors may also treat the underlying cause of the bleeding. For example, if high blood pressure caused the condition, doctors may also prescribe medication to control a patient’s blood pressure.

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