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A balanced load is a term that is used to identify the establishment of a state of equilibrium with electrical power flow, weight distribution during the shipment of goods, and even the process of creating an logical flow on a factory assembly line. In each instance, the goal is to find the ideal balance for the load, making it possible to utilize all available resources with the greatest degree of efficiency. A balanced load also is designed to allow the greatest degree of safety for those working with or near the load itself.
When the balanced load has to do with any type of electrical system, the idea is to regulate the flow of power so that the equipment involved shares the flow to best effect. This is often accomplished by using some type of phase system that helps to regulate the flow of power through the components. For example, a balanced electrical load in a network would require that tasks be allocated to each of the components so that there is no overload of any one of the components. The same general idea holds true for an air conditioning system, where the load is balanced based on the work that the components must perform in order to heat and cool an interior space efficiently.
In terms of weight distribution, a balanced load has to do with preparing shipments in a manner that equalizes the total weight so that transportation vehicles can maneuver with greater ease. This would mean that a trucking firm tasked with shipping goods across the country will load the trailer of the vehicle so that the items are less likely to move during transport. The weight is balanced in a manner that prevents excessive stress from being placed on any one section of the trailer. Creating a balanced load makes it much easier to keep the truck or van on the road, since the vehicle is not pulled in any one direction. In addition, the balanced load makes it easier to navigate curves and helps to minimize the potential for a phenomenon known as jack-knifing, a situation in which the driver must stop short and the trailer begins to angle and possibly cause the entire rig to flip.
With a factory assembly line, a balanced load refers to a strategy that allows for the timely and orderly flow of goods through the process, with a minimum of delays along the way. This often involves identifying the amount of time needed to properly complete each phase of the assembly and timing the movement of goods through the process accordingly. With a truly balanced load, goods move through the line without any backups at any point in the process, making it possible to maintain the most efficient level of production.