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What Is a Balance Disc?

Exercises done on a balance disc may help condition leg muscles and cultivate a better overall sense of balance.
Some people claim that using a balance disc helps to improve their golf swing.
Some exercises that can be done on a balance disc include tai chi.
Balance, whether on a tightrope or a balance disc, is important for developing coordination and keeping motor skills sharp.
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  • Written By: K. Testa
  • Edited By: Michelle Arevalo
  • Last Modified Date: 19 October 2014
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A balance disc is a piece of fitness equipment often used for core-strengthening exercises and balance training. Having a strong core and good balance can help prevent certain types of injuries, especially as people age. The modern balance disc is a somewhat updated version of the wobble board, or balance board, that many skiers and surfers often use as part of their stability training. The discs have several potential uses in addition to fitness training. For example, many people use them to improve their posture. They also can be useful tools for physical therapists.

The human body’s core region consists of the muscles in the abdomen, pelvis, and lower back. Strengthening these can improve one’s overall balance and stability. Some exercises that can be done on a balance disc include squats, push-ups, and abdominal exercises. It can also be used for other fitness activities, such as tai chi and yoga. Some people claim that using one for core training can even help improve their golf swing. Those without experience with balance equipment can get tips from a fitness trainer or another experienced person who can demonstrate how to use it.

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One can sit, stand, or kneel on a balance disc cushion. Medical professionals often recommend the cushion for people who sit in chairs for long periods, including older adults and office workers. Many experts claim that sitting on a balance disc can improve a person’s posture by encouraging him or her to focus on sitting correctly. They also can help prevent potential injuries by increasing one’s lower back strength. When someone has sustained an injury, a physical therapist might use the disc to incorporate certain balance or stability exercises into the patient’s rehabilitation.

Balance discs are available in several different styles and colors. They can be purchased where sports equipment and fitness items are sold, both in retail stores and through online merchants. The average disc measures about 14 in (35.56 cm) in diameter, and is approximately 3 in (7.62 cm) high. Larger ones are available as well, measuring about 24 in (60.96 cm) wide. They are usually made of soft plastic and are filled with air. Many are smooth on one side and textured on the other. The discs are portable and can be used virtually anywhere, such as in a professional fitness setting or in the comfort of one’s own home.

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