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What does "Fond Commun De Placement" Mean?

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  • Written By: A. Leverkuhn
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 13 November 2016
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The French phrase fond commun de placement refers to a specific kind of investment fund in French-speaking countries, particularly in France and other French-speaking countries within the European Union. The simple translation for fond commun de placement would be “investment fund.” The fond commun de placement, often abbreviated as F.C.P., operates as a kind of mutual fund with a closed-end setup.

This kind of fund, according to French finance professionals, is like a partnership between various investors and the fund managers to seek gains by investing in different financial products or equities. The fond commun de placement differs from another kind of investment called a SICAV.

In E.U. countries, the SICAV operates as a kind of open-ended fund. Finance experts specify that most kinds of open-ended funds allow for investors to cash out of a fund at any particular time. Different nations have their own ways of handling SICAV funds and other funds.

International analysts might look at a fond commun de placement in observing how these French investment options provide for a diversified, global portfolio. F.C.P. funds, and other national funds, invest in the same kinds of equities and products that other funds from other countries might use to pursue gains. In general, investors tend to stay within their own country's range of financial fund options for getting into equities, commodities, currency plays, or anything else they want to invest in.

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Even though every country has its own setup for different types of investment funds, it may be helpful for single investors to understand the norms in the French financial markets, as well as the types of investment instruments that are available in other European Union countries. Investors all over the world can assess how these nations offer investing opportunities to their citizens, and contrast them with investment opportunities in other countries and regions of the world.

One commonality between fond commun de placement and investment funds in other nations is the direct relationship between those who invest, and those who are “inside” a fund, responsible for charting its course. A fund report or prospectus can give investors insight into what’s going on within a specific investment fund. Other resources can also help educate investors and provide transparency so that those who are buying into a fund will not feel shortchanged if they are exposed to losses. A financial money manager in a particular country can give an investor further information about how to protect themselves while investing in various fund offers.

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