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What Countries Consume the Most Electricity?

Norway is one of the top consumers of electricity.
Iceland consumes more electricity per capita than any other country.
Canada ranks fifth in the world in per capita electricity consumption.
Luxembourg is eighth in the world in electricity consumption per capita.
Switzerland ranks 20th in the world in per capita electricity consumption.
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  • Written By: L. S. Wynn
  • Edited By: L. S. Wynn
  • Last Modified Date: 14 October 2014
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Electricity is becoming a more and more critical part of modern life. This flexible energy is used for heating, cooling, appliances, TV, computers, transportation and a myriad of other uses. Electricity use is on the rise in the world, and here are the top 25 countries in terms of energy consumption per capita. All values are in kWh or kilowatt hours and are provided by the CIA World Factbook. You will notice that the top five countries experience particularly cold winters, suggesting that much of their electricity is used for heating.

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country annual electricty consumption per capita
Iceland 25,127 kWh Iceland electricity consumption
Norway 24,861 kWh Norway electricity consumption
Finland 15,812 kWh Finland electricity consumption
Sweden 15,679 kWh Sweden electricity consumption
Canada 15,666 kWh Canada electricity consumption
U.A. Emirates 14,714 kWh U.A. Emirates electricity consumption
Kuwait 13,742 kWh Kuwait electricity consumption
Luxembourg 13,728 kWh Luxembourg electricity consumption
United States 12,878 kWh United States electricity consumption
Qatar 10,785 kWh Qatar electricity consumption
Australia 9,643 kWh Australia electricity consumption
Liechtenstein 9,544 kWh Liechtenstein electricity consumption
Cayman Islands 9,102 kWh Cayman Islands electricity consumption
Bermuda 8,652 kWh Bermuda electricity consumption
New Zealand 8,525 kWh New Zealand electricity consumption
Bahrain 8,168 kWh Virgin Islands electricity consumption
Virgin Islands 7,681 kWh Virgin Islands electricity consumption
Belgium 7,604 kWh Belgium electricity consumption
Japan 7,432 kWh Japan electricity consumption
Switzerland 7,206 kWh Switzerland electricity consumption
New Caledonia 7,000 kWh New Caledonia electricity consumption
France 6,835 kWh France electricity consumption
Austria 6,703 kWh Austria electricity consumption
San Marino 6,653 kWh San Marino electricity consumption
Denmark 6,319 kWh Denmark electricity consumption
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anon236472
Post 6

A couple of things:

1. A comment here says that almost all of Iceland's electricity comes from geothermal. This is nonsense. By far, the greatest part of it comes from hydro, the rest from geothermal.

2. Wise Geek isn't on the ball when it says that the high use of electricity by the top five countries is indicative of electric heating during winters. Iceland, which ranks no. 1 here, uses almost no electric heating. The amount is explained by very few people in a country with relatively great resources that go into powering industry that requires much power.

Now you guys know.

ysmina
Post 5

Apparently, changes in energy consumption has something to do with economic policy too. I saw an article in the paper which said that the European Union's consumption of electricity has gone up considerably in the last decade. The first thing I thought of was economic growth and I was right. But the other reason the author mentioned was the move to liberalize the power sector in the EU.

This policy change seems to have made electricity generation and mobility much easier, which in turn made electricity cheaper. The public has certainly taken advantage of it, they could use more electricity for the same money and they did.

But some sectors, particularly the service sector has benefited a lot. Not to forget the increased use of electrical equipment and IT equipment. Many kinds of work now rely on computers and electrical devices. There are also more appliances at home now. The appliances themselves are more efficient and cheaper as well as the electricity. If someone couldn't afford a second air conditioner because of electricity bills, they now can.

If you think about all of this happening at the same time, it is not surprising that some of the highest electricity consumers are EU members.

burcidi
Post 4

I agree that how these countries source their electricity is as important if not more important than how much electricity they use.

China's electricity, for example, mostly comes from coal, which means that there are serious consequences for the environment. They have had to open so many more coal plants to keep up with their increased electricity needs. There environmental damage is increasing because of it.

I personally don't have a problem with countries using lots of electricity, as long as they use renewable and environmentally safe sources for it. The threat is probably coming from developing countries who are starting to become rich, but don't have a vested interest in renewable energy and more efficient use of resources yet.

serenesurface
Post 3

I used to think that high usage of electricity somehow meant that a country was more developed or wealthy. I'm not so sure now that it's safe to reach this conclusion. Denmark which is number 25 on this list is obviously as developed as Iceland but only uses about one fourth of the electricity.

I also saw a list for GDP growth rate recently and only found Canada and Sweden from the top five of this list doing well. The U.S. is doing moderately well, at least it's not in the negative. Middle Eastern countries in this list are also growing really well, they have GDP rates over 6% per year, which is just fantastic.

That might not be an excuse to use more electricity, but one does wonder why some countries use much more electricity than others, and why their economies are not growing as much when compared.

The other interesting thing I noticed is that the two fastest growing countries in the world- China and India are not in this list at all. I do think that they will go up in this list as they grow and their population uses more and more electricity though.

GiraffeEars
Post 2

I think it is especially important to note that four of the the top five countries in this chart generate at least 30% of their electricity from renewable sources. Canada generates 65% of its electricity needs from renewable sources, Sweden 45%, Finland 30%, and Iceland, almost all of its electricity from geothermal.

If you were to look at what country uses the most electricity, it would be the United States. The United States uses about 25% of the worlds electricity yet has only 5% of the population. The United States only uses about 10% renewable sources, most of which come from hydroelectric.

If you compare the total consumption between all countries, the top five shape up much different. Looking at these metrics, the top five consumers would be the United States, China, the European Union, Japan, and Russia.

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