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What are Verticillate Flowers?

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  • Written By: Pamela Pleasant
  • Edited By: W. Everett
  • Last Modified Date: 20 November 2016
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Verticillate flowers are plants that belong to verticillata species. Some of the many varieties of these plants are hardy and are able to grow in cool climates, while others are only able to thrive in warm temperatures. Verticillate flowers are sometimes used in floral arrangements because of their circular design. Verticillate flowers can be seen in a circular or whorled formation. They can have hairs, leaves and flowers, which are centered on an axis.

Asclepias verticillata can be found in eastern North America. It produces tiny white flowers with six rounded petals. The flowers surround a long, light green stem and the leaves are grass-like and dark green. These types of verticillate flowers are commonly referred to as horsetail milkweed and are sometimes used medicinally by Native Americans. They can be toxic if they are consumed by animals.

Hermannia verticillata is an African shrub with small, yellow or red flowers that droop downward as they grow. These verticillate flowers have six petals that form a circle, held together by a dark green casing. The jagged-edged leaves are also small and dark green. These plants are classified as tender perennials and are only able to thrive in warm climates. African shrubs can be grown indoors as well as out and they produce a pleasant fragrance.

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The mollugo verticillata produces tiny light green verticillate flowers with five, bean-shaped petals. Mollugo leaves are also bean shaped, but they are much longer and are dark green. They can be found all over North America and they are able to thrive in cool climates. These types of verticillate flowers are considered evergreen plants and they are known to bloom repeatedly. Unfortunately, they can be invasive because they are weed-like and have been known to colonize any exposed soil close to the plant.

One of the most unwanted and an invasive types of verticillate flowers is called the hydrilla verticillata. This plant can be found in many ponds and waterways throughout North America and they are considered a noxious weed in the state of Texas. This plant has long, brown stems with dark green, oblong leaves. The tiny white flowers it produces are only seen above the water and they are nestled in separate star-shaped leaf petals. These plants should not be handled without protective gloves because they can cause severe allergic relations.

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