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What Are the Side Effects of CT Scans?

CT scans may cause anxiety.
CT scans can put a patient at a higher risk for cancer because of the increased exposure to radiation.
The iodine-based dye sometimes used for CT scans may produce an allergic reaction.
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  • Written By: Susan Abe
  • Edited By: Jessica Seminara
  • Last Modified Date: 19 September 2014
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A computerized tomography scan (CT) — formally known as computerized axial tomography or (CAT) — is a type of radiographic imaging procedure that takes many pictures of a given area for optimal evaluation of body structures. The many images generated from a CT scan can be manipulated on the computer to create different axial views of the body. In other words, the body's interior can be viewed along different axes, or planes, for comparison. Side effects of CT scans can be considered long-term or short-term, depending upon when they might arise. Long-term side effects of CT scans are mostly conjecture; short-term side effects of CT scans may include anxiety or untoward reactions to dyes sometimes utilized to optimize visualization.

All documented side effects of CT scans are considered short term. The vast majority are secondary to the administration of fluorescent, or contrast, dyes used to increase visibility of certain details in the CT image. Contrast dyes — usually made of iodine — can cause allergic reactions in some patients, particularly individuals with a preexisting allergy to seafood. Fluorescent dye allergies are apparent more quickly when the contrast material is administered intravenously (IV) than by mouth, as intravenous administration of the medication distributes the dye more quickly throughout the body. Allergic reactions to contrast dyes can include the development of hives, rashes, itching or wheezing.

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Other reactions to the procedure might be broadly considered side effects of CT scans. A common reaction to IV administration of an iodine-based contrast dye is an abrupt systemic flushing that is also described as a feeling of heat spreading throughout the body. This is a known reaction to the dye and is not reported to cause permanent difficulties. Many patients — already anxious about possible health problems and the unfamiliar procedure — report claustrophobia while within the cylindrical CT scanner. These patients are often sedated with anti-anxiety medication prior to the procedure and may thus experience drowsiness and sedation as a side effect of CT scans.

A CT scan uses a slightly higher amount of radiation than a usual x-ray to obtain its multiple images and exposure to radiation has been identified as increasing an individual's chance of developing cancer. Thus, potential long-term side effects of CT scans may include greater chances of developing a malignancy. These risks are reportedly less dangerous than failing to diagnose or monitor a current medical condition in an adult.

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ddljohn
Post 3

I feel terrible for about a day after a CT scan. I get the typical feeling of warmth and bad taste in my mouth from the contrast dyes. But when I get home, I feel exhausted and sick, like I have the flu.

donasmrs
Post 2

@MikeMason-- CT scans are not that bad. I've had two of them and it was much easier than I expected.

It's true that iodine can be dangerous for people who are allergic to it. But you won't be given a CT scan without checking if you're allergic to iodine first. You can even do an allergy test yourself at home by putting a few drops of iodine on your arm.

The only side effects I've had from CT scans are the heat sensation during the scan and then thirst afterward. I tend to drink a ton of water afterward, I guess to flush the dyes out of my system.

CT scans are very valuable diagnostic tools in my opinion. Some things can't be diagnosed without it. So the side effects are worth it.

stoneMason
Post 1

My doctor wants me to get a CT scan to try and figure out the cause of my chronic migraines, but I refuse to get it. I know that we should avoid radiation as much as possible because of the risks of cancer.

The dyes used in CT scans also sound scary. Iodine is something found in some illegal drugs and has terrible side effects on the body. There is no way I'm letting anyone inject iodine into me.

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