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Making wine at home might be easier than one thinks. It is made by fermenting grape juice with yeast to produce alcohol. Wine making kits include instructions and all of the necessary ingredients, including the specific type of grape juice, yeast and additives. Equipment is often needed to produce batches of wine and can be bought separately or in a wine making starter kit. The different types of wine making kits can be categorized by the type of wine they make, such as white or red win, as well as the size of the batch being made.
Yeast ferments the sugars in grape juice to produce alcohol. The grapes used and the additives added will determine the taste of the finished wine. There are wine making kits available for both white and red varieties of wine. The process to make wine involves one or more stages of fermentation, depending on the style of wine, and then a final aging in bottles.
There are smaller kits that make only 1-2 gallons (3.8-7.6 liters) of wine. These kits require less equipment, so they are a good beginning place for making homemade wine. Many wine making kits are meant to be used to make a 5- to 6-gallon (19- to 23-liter) batch of fermented wine. The ingredients are included in already properly portioned amounts for a particular wine variety. The instructions included will explain how to assemble the ingredients and the steps needed for fermentation and aging of the wine.
Wine making equipment is needed for larger batches. Starter kits usually include equipment such as buckets and carboys needed for fermentation, plastic piping for transferring the wine between containers during the process, sanitizer for limiting contamination and a hydrometer for testing specific gravity to reach desired alcohol content. Bottles for aging the wine are not included in these kits and have to be bought separately.
Making homemade wine can be a very rewarding hobby. The available kits make it easy to start learning how to make wine at home. Sometimes these kits can be found in local home-brewing and wine stores, or they can be purchased through a number of vendors online. In three to eight months, depending on the aging one desires, great-tasting wine can be made. Wine making kits allow one to get started in the process of making homemade wine.
@Terrificli -- Good points and if you are really an enterprising sort, you could do some research and build your own wine making kit. You don't need a whole lot of equipment and the freedom to mix and match things, experiment with different types of yeast and those types of things is a great way to get involved in that hobby.
Two words of advice for those wanting to build their own kits. First of all, do plenty of research on how to sanitize your equipment and everything that comes in contact with the wine as it is being made. You will be glad you did.
Second, get an auto racking cane. The racking cane works off of suction
and transfers wine from one container to another so yeast can be separated out and the wine can clarify. An auto racking cane is one that is pumped to get suction going, whereas others require the use to suck on them to get suction going. Yuck. That's just nasty. You want to keep things sanitary all the way from making to bottling wine and an auto racking cane can help with that.
If you really want to take up wine making as a hobby, spend a little bit more on a better kit. Why? You will get the large container (carboy) you need for properly making wine, a racking cane for transferring wine between containers as it is fermenting, good directions and more.
It's kind of like buying a first guitar. If you really want to learn to play, don't bother with finding the cheapest guitar out there as you will hate messing with it. Spend a few bucks, get a decent guitar and you will find learning to play more enjoyable.
If you get the cheapest wine making kit out there, you will probably get frustrated at the lack of equipment that comes with it. Even if you enjoy the hobby, you will have to buy more equipment to really get going.
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