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What are the Different Types of Urinary Medication?

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  • Written By: Felicia Dye
  • Edited By: Heather Bailey
  • Last Modified Date: 18 November 2016
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A urinary medication is one that is generally prescribed to treat problems with a person’s bladder or another part of the urinary tract. There are many medications on the market that may be used for these types of ailments. Many doctors rely heavily on antibiotics, but some physicians may prescribe medications such as anti-malarials or antidepressants. Most urinary medications require a prescription.

When a doctor diagnoses a person with a urinary tract infection (UTI,) the doctor is not making a very specific diagnosis. A UTI can involve several internal parts including the kidneys or the bladder. Narrowing down the part of the urinary tract that is troubled can affect the type of urinary medication suggested. The choice of medications may also be affected by sex and pre-existing medical conditions. Antibiotics, however, tend to be one of the most popular treatment methods for UTIs.

Cephalosporins are commonly prescribed antibiotics for various UTIs. These medicines are designed to break down the walls of bacteria cells which cause the bacteria to eventually die. Medications in this group include brands such as Ancef, Ceclor, and Rocephin, and may be available as tablets or liquid suspension. People allergic to penicillin and those who have kidney disease or stomach problems are advised to thoroughly discuss these issues with a doctor before taking these medications.

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Sulfonamides are a group of medicines that are generally a combination of antibiotics. They may be found marketed under brands such as Bactrim and Septra and are designed to fight infection. People who are breastfeeding or who have conditions such as AIDS, anemia, or asthma are typically warned to avoid or use extreme caution when taking a urinary medication in this group.

Incontinence is often referred to as an overactive bladder. This problem is often treated with anti-cholinergic medications. This type of medication works by blocking nerve signals that cause muscles to tighten. Doing so can allow a person to have more control over her urine. Brands in this group often used for urinary problems include NuLev and Levbid, an extended-release tablet.

Antispasmodics may also be used to treat incontinence. An antispasmodic is a medication that generally reduces the spasms of muscles such as those in the bladder or urinary tract. Such medications are marketed under brand names such as Enablex and Toviaz. Oxytrol is a urinary medication in this category that introduces the medication into the body by way of a skin patch. People with glaucoma and certain stomach conditions are advised against taking these medications.

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