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What Are the Different Types of Simple Robot?

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  • Written By: Maggie J. Hall
  • Edited By: Susan Barwick
  • Images By: Elena Kolchina, n/a, Erwinova, Wellphoto
  • Last Modified Date: 25 November 2016
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A simple robot is a machine that can move independently. It might perform household chores, industrial tasks, or serve as entertainment for children. Washing machines, automated car washes, and remote control toys are all examples of simple robots and contain various components that are designed to work together and accomplish desired tasks automatically. Hobbyists of all ages can purchase robot kits. Given the vast amount of information available on the Internet, they might also find textual and visual instructions for creating a simple robot.

A controllable program, power source, and sensors are some of the components of a simple robot. Some simple robots remain stationary. Many programmable household appliances are stationary devices that allow consumers to wash clothes and dishes and to make coffee. Other stationary robots have sensors that open doors when someone needs to walk through. Vending machines are another type of simple robot, which provides food or other merchandise when consumers deposit money and press preprogrammed buttons.

Manufacturers also design simple robots that are mobile. Programmable devices that vacuum or scrub floors or mow lawns are common simple robot technologies. By placing sensor towers in strategic locations, the robot performs the required task within a designated set of boundaries. Some robots can move from place to place. Automated car wash systems typically contain motorized units that emit water, soaps, and waxes while moving around a vehicle.

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Numerous children's toys are no more than simple robot designs. Appearing to move without assistance, remote controlled cars, trucks, and planes all contain robotic technology. Toys that walk, talk and interact with children contain electronic sensors and programs that mimic human activity. Other toys perform typical movements, emit sounds, and appear similar to animals. Toys that resemble typical science fiction, humanoid robots capable of sound production and physical movement are also available.

Simple robot kits that children of various ages can assemble and operate using battery or solar power are also produced. The simple robotics contained within these devices enable the robot to move on wheels, mimic walking, and to avoid obstacles. Sensors built into the devices use infrared radiation, radio frequencies, or audio signals to initiate, stop, and direct movement. Some kits allow hobbyists to build simple robotic arms with a 360-degree range of motion. These robots replicate the human shoulder and elbow in movement and are generally equipped with some type of claw or hand that is capable of grasping, lifting, and moving objects.

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