Different types of scalp ointment are made for various conditions of the scalp. Some common scalp ailments that may need to be treated with an ointment are psoriasis, eczema, and seborrhoeic dermatitis. The treatments will help to cure some of their undesirable side effects, like dryness, dandruff, scaly skin, and more. Other varieties of scalp ointment exist for the purpose of maintaining a healthy scalp and head of hair. Scalp ointments can be oil- or cream-based, and some of the most scalp ointment common ingredients include salicylic acid, calcipotriol, and hydrocortisone, as well as other types of food-based ingredients.
Any problem with the scalp will be best diagnosed by a dermatologist, who can also recommend or prescribe the best treatment. Usually, scalp ointments are applied to the problem area for a prescribed amount of time, and then rinsed off. Some others are meant to be left in until the next time the hair is washed.
Left untreated, problems with the scalp will typically either stay the same, or worsen. Common symptoms of scalp ailments are dryness and dandruff. These symptoms can be caused by a variety of problems, including eczema, seborrhoeic dermatitis, and psoriasis. A dermatologist is the best option for a person who needs to pinpoint a particular scalp problem.
Many conditions can be treated by the same type of scalp ointment. Salicylic acid is found in many scalp ointments and can also be found in many shampoos that are designed for scalp treatment. This common agent will cause skin cells to shed, open up clogged pores, and stop bacterial growth. Salicylic acid comes in many different varieties of ointments, and can be found in both prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
Scalp ointments may also be available as creams. Calcipotriol and hydrocortisone are two active drugs that might be found in a cream-type scalp ointment. Calcipotriol is a derivative of vitamin D, and is known to be effective in treating psoriasis of the scalp. Hydrocortisone is a topical steroid that helps to reduce problems by limiting the body's reaction to them. Cream treatments can be preferred over others because they can be less oily, as well as simpler to apply and maintain.
Other scalp ointments are designed to keep the scalp healthy by containing ingredients that help skin as well as hair follicles. These can contain many different ingredients, often including different types of food ingredients. For example, these types of scalp ointments may contain extracts from olives, avocados, carrots, oranges, and more. Many scalp ointments like these are marketed as organic.
Additional scalp treatments are designed to promote hair growth. The success of these products is typically limited, and may vary from one scalp ointment to another. Their ability to work can also depend on the individual who is using them. Ironically, use of these products can even have side effects of other scalp-related problems, such as dandruff.