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There are a variety of different types of ropes available for different kinds of rock climbing conditions. Rock climbing ropes are typically classified by the amount of "stretch" they provide, as well as their degree of thickness. While some ropes may be ideal for indoor use, ropes that have been waterproofed are especially use outdoors. It is important that rock climbers use ropes that are free from tears or other signs of damage before each climbing trip in order to prevent possible injury.
Rock climbing ropes are categorized as being either dynamic or static. As the name suggests, dynamic ropes provide users with a bit of stretch, making them good in cases of falls from substantial heights. These ropes are typically designed for specific weight capacities. Individuals should look for ropes designed to hold their individual weight for the best results. In contrast, static rock climbing ropes do not provide any stretch. Typically, they are used for hauling climbing gear or rappelling. Like dynamic ropes, they are also designed with a specific weight capacity in mind.
Rock climbing ropes can also range quite dramatically in thickness. In general, rope thickness is divided into three categories, including single, twin, and double/half ropes. Single rope usually has a width of around 0.40 inches (10 millimeters). Twin ropes consist of two individual ropes which are laced together, each of which are around 0.30 inches in width (7.5 millimeters). Like twin ropes, double/half ropes consist of two separate ropes combined into one. These individual ropes are typically around 0.35 inches (8.8 millimeters) in width.
Rock climbing ropes that are designed for indoor use may differ dramatically from those used outdoors. To prevent the risk of failure, outdoor ropes should be waterproof. Individuals who are interested in purchasing these ropes should consult with a salesperson to make sure that a particular rope is in fact waterproof. In contrast, ropes that are intended for indoor use will typically not get wet, and therefore may not require waterproofing.
Most rock climbing ropes can be found at sporting or outdoor supply stores. It is important to replace rock climbing ropes on a semi-regular basis in order to prevent possible injury from rope failure. In most cases, ropes used for rock climbing have a life expectancy of around 15 years. Ropes which are used extensively, however, may require replacement at an earlier time. The quality of ropes should be evaluated before each expedition.
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