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Proteinuria is a medical term that is used to describe an excessive amount of protein in the urine. Proteinuria treatment begins with obtaining an accurate diagnosis of the condition causing this symptom. Some of the more typical proteinuria treatment options include the use of prescription medications, dietary changes, and a healthy exercise regimen. In many cases, the best course of treatment is a combination of the various treatment options that are available.
Those with kidney disease or diabetes are at a higher risk than the general population for developing proteinuria. When these conditions are present, proteinuria treatment begins with attempting to control these diseases. Monitoring of high blood pressure and blood sugar levels is often the best proteinuria treatment in these situations.
A type of blood pressure medication known as an ACE inhibitor is frequently used as a form of proteinuria treatment. The primary use of this medication is to control high blood pressure, a common symptom that often accompanies proteinuria. An added advantage of this type of high blood pressure medication is that it has been shown to delay the effects of kidney disease, often eliminating or delaying the necessity for dialysis or transplant.
Insulin is a natural hormone made by the human body. A synthetic form of this hormone may be used as a form of proteinuria treatment in patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes. ACE inhibitors may be prescribed for those with diabetes, even if high blood pressure is not an issue, in order to protect the proper functioning of the kidneys as long as possible.
Dietary changes are often recommended as a form of proteinuria treatment. If kidney function has been compromised, a diet low in protein and sodium may be advisable. Those with diabetes should eat a healthy diet in order to maintain normal blood sugar levels. A doctor or nutritionist can help the patient develop a healthy meal plan on an individual basis.
A healthy exercise program can be an important part of proteinuria treatment, especially if high blood pressure is a concern. Staying in good physical shape can often reduce blood pressure levels and may sometimes keep the patient from needing to take prescription blood pressure medications. A doctor can help the patient decide on a healthy exercise plan based on the overall health of the patient. Any questions or concerns related to proteinuria treatment options should always be directed to a doctor or other medical professional.