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What Are the Different Types of Orthodontic Surgery?

Some types of orthodontic surgery require only conscious sedation, but others call for general anesthesia.
A tooth extraction is one of the most common types of orthodontic surgery.
Tooth implant procedures are a form of orthodontic surgery.
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  • Written By: Nicole Long
  • Edited By: Allegra J. Lingo
  • Last Modified Date: 07 October 2014
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Several different types of orthodontic surgery exist. Examples of orthodontic surgery include tooth extraction, fiberotomy, and various implant procedures. Some surgical procedures are considered both orthodontic and orthognathic, such as those used to correct a severe bite or jaw problem.

Orthodontics deals with taking corrective measures to properly align a patient’s teeth and jaw. An orthodontist has additional training beyond that of a dentist focused on general dentistry, which deals with teeth cleaning and treating basic conditions such as cavities. Orthodontic surgery may be recommended for a wide variety of common and not so common complaints surrounding teeth or jaw problems.

Tooth extraction is one of the most common types of orthodontic surgery. Extractions are necessary for a number of reasons. One of the most common types of tooth extractions is the removal of a patient’s wisdom teeth. Other reasons include severe decay, crowding, and bite problems.

A fiberotomy is another type of orthodontic surgery. This procedure involves severing the fibers surrounding a tooth. Typically, this procedure is used to help previously corrected teeth, such as those repositioned with braces, stay in place and not drift back to the same position as before the corrective procedure.

Implant procedures can also be considered a type of orthodontic surgery. This includes any type of implant that involves the underlying jaw bone, such as dentures and artificial teeth. Most implants are considered a type of prosthodontics, or dental prosthetics.

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The field of orthodontics often overlaps with other fields. This includes the field of orthognathics, which deals with various problems and conditions of the jaw and face. Some of the problems addressed through this dental specialty include sleep apnea and cleft palate.

Surgery to correct a severe bite or jaw problem will require the attention of both an orthodontist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. This type of surgery involves the movement of both the teeth and jawbone. The combined effort of both surgeons will allow for proper identification and resolution to the problem.

Orthodontic surgery provides many benefits to the patient. The ability to stave off future teeth and jaw problems is one of the benefits. Other benefits include an improved ability to clean nearby teeth and treat gum conditions. Perhaps the most important benefit is the health and happiness of the patient who experiences a clean, healthy, and attractive smile after orthodontic treatment.

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