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Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that develop in or around the anal canal. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the anal canal and can cause pain and bleeding, although they rarely cause any serious medical complications. Internal hemorrhoids are typically caused by increased pressure in the pelvic region of the body and may be due to factors such as constipation or pregnancy. Internal hemorrhoid treatment depends on the severity of the the symptoms and may include dietary or lifestyle changes, the use of medications, or, in more severe cases, surgical intervention may become necessary.
In many cases of internal hemorrhoids, the first noticeable symptom may be the presence of bright red blood after trying to have a bowel movement. If the hemorrhoids become large, they may begin to protrude outside of the anus. Symptoms such as pain and itching tend to increase as the hemorrhoids grow larger.
Internal hemorrhoid treatment often begins with a change in dietary habits. Constipation is a leading cause of the development of hemorrhoids, so preventing constipation can often treat or prevent hemorrhoids. A high-fiber diet that is low in refined sugars and chemicals can often regulate bowel function. Adding more fluids to the diet, especially drinking plenty of water, helps to keep the bowels functioning normally as well.
Increased body movement is also a helpful internal hemorrhoid treatment. This is especially true for those who have a predominately sedentary lifestyle. By simply making an effort to move around a little more, constipation and the development of hemorrhoids can sometimes be avoided.
Over-the-counter and prescription creams, ointments, and suppositories are available to help ease the symptoms of internal hemorrhoids. It should be noted that this type of internal hemorrhoid treatment is not a cure. These medications are merely designed to treat pain and itching until the body has a chance to heal. Witch hazel can be applied to the anal region several times per day to provide immediate symptom relief.
If several internal hemorrhoid treatment options have been attempted without positive results or if the hemorrhoids become too large, surgical intervention may become necessary. Hemorrhoid surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis and can often be done in a doctor's office. Healing time is usually minimal, and recovery time tends to be relatively quick. The surgeon will give the patient directions on how to properly care for the surgical area during the healing process.
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