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Flowering bushes come in a variety of types. Most are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves each year, and some types are evergreen. Certain types are heat and drought-resistant, and other types prefer wetter and cooler climates. Particular types are known for attracting or resisting different wildlife.
This versatile group of plants can add beauty and interest to outdoor environments. Before planting, gardeners should consider the regional climate, the amount of sunshine and shade, kind of soil, and drainage of the planting area. The types of plants chosen should be able to survive in the gardener's region, and the outdoor space should be designed so each type of flowering bush receives sufficient sunlight and water.
Different types of flowering bushes may bloom in different seasons. The gardener may wish to mix types such as early-spring blooming forsythia, mid- to late-spring blooming lilacs, and late summer and autumn blooming roses of Sharon. Gardeners in warmer zones may also plant camellia and select pink, purple, or red flowers for added winter color. By staggering bloom times, the garden looks fresh and interesting throughout the year.
Gardeners can also choose plants with various types of foliage to enjoy new looks each season. Some types of hydrangea have foliage that turns brilliant colors in the fall. Other plants, such as hollies, produce bright red berries, which is appealing against snowy-white winter backgrounds in colder climates.
Flowering bushes can also be used as hedges or screens to add privacy to a yard or garden. Different types of bushes that grow to differing heights can be combined to produce the desired screening affect as well as natural beauty and warmth, which a wood or brick fence may not. When using these shrubs this way, the gardener should take care that each will receive the amount of sun it requires.
Many gardeners are also concerned for wildlife, and some types of flowering bushes are especially noted for attracting wildlife. A common example is the butterfly bush, which may attract not only butterflies but also hummingbirds and bees. Hibiscus, azaleas, and rhododendrons are other shrubs that are noted for attracting butterflies.
Though butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees may be welcome gardens guests, many gardeners do not want deer eating their garden plants. Some types of plants are considered deer-resistant, in that they are less attractive to deer. The butterfly bush, certain types of forsythia, and hydrangeas are among the deer-resistant flowering bushes.