So what kinds of diseases affect yellow bone marrow? Can the yellow marrow become cancerous, or does it happen more like leukemia?
Bone marrow transplants aren't necessary for leukemia every time, thank goodness. For the "garden variety," most of the time, chemotherapy, and maybe some radiation will usually cure the disease.
Some hospitals have follow up programs to track the progress of children who have been treated for leukemia, as well as for any problems that might crop up later on as a result of the treatments.