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What Are the Different Types of Adoption Qualifications?

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  • Written By: Jackie Myers
  • Edited By: Susan Barwick
  • Last Modified Date: 21 November 2016
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Many adoption requirements vary depending on the location. The different types of adoption qualifications include successfully passing a criminal background check, possessing a home with a safe environment for a child, and having financial stability. Adoption agencies may also require the adopting parents to provide medical history reports to prove that they are healthy. Marriage evaluations are often conducted to check for stability in married couples who are seeking to adopt a child.

Government agencies prohibit parents with an abusive criminal past from adopt children or becoming foster parents. The criminal background check must be free of charges of child neglect any crimes involving violence towards others, and fraud. Adoption agencies may require a background investigation of all adults living in the household besides the parents. Family members who live outside the home may be interviewed during the qualification process.

A home assessment is used by adoption agencies to determine whether the prospective parents have a safe home for children. The home must be equipped with standard safety devices such as working smoke detectors and covered outlets. Inspectors also check to see if there is clean water available and enough space for the child to live comfortably. If people are adopting a disabled child, the adoption qualifications may include having a home that can accommodate his or her needs.

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Parents interested in adopting children must be financially stable. It is one of the most important adoption qualifications because of the expenses. Adoption is not only for people with large amounts of money, but agencies want to verify that the prospective parents know how to manage their finances responsibly. The income of the parents must be steady and not fluctuate greatly.

Agencies require the parents to be mentally and physically healthy to raise an adopted child. These adoption qualifications are verified by performing medical evaluations on prospective parents. Medical records can also be acquired to check for past health issues. Terminal illnesses can substantially reduce the life expectancy of a prospective parent. Disabled parents may still be able to successfully adopt as long as the disability does not stop them from fulfilling their parental roles.

Married couples may need to meet specific adoption requirements that may include being married for a certain number of years. Lengthy interviews must also be conducted to determine how the couples interact with each other and to discover their way of handling conflicts. It is necessary for both partners to want to become adoptive parents and to give their consent.

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