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Treatments of vertigo vary depending on the overall health of the patient and what type of vertigo has been diagnosed. The symptoms of vertigo are often treated with medication administered orally, via patch, or intravenously (IV). Many treatments of vertigo focus on targeting the underlying conditions that have led to the problem, such as problems with the inner ear, migraine headaches, and blood flow abnormalities.
One of the most common treatments of vertigo is to target associated underlying disorders of the inner ear. Some common ear problems associated with vertigo are labryinthitis and vestibular neuritis, which are typically treated with medication. Ménière's disease is also a common cause of vertigo; it can be treated with drugs that increase the amount of urination and a low-salt diet. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo can be treated with drugs and special exercises that involve specific positioning of the body during attacks. Bacterial ear infections that cause vertigo are usually treated with antibiotics.
Other problems that can lead to vertigo include a lower level of blood flow to the base of the brain and injuries to the head or ear. Surgery may be performed to both encourage the healing of physical injuries in areas such as the head and ear, and to consequently stop attacks of vertigo. Blood flow problems are typically treated with medication.
Migraine headaches can be the cause of and occur at the same time as episodes of vertigo. Common symptoms include sensitivity to light, nausea, and vomiting. There are abortive and preventative drugs which can help to stop migraines and thus treat vertigo at the same time.
Some treatments of vertigo consist of removing the elements that caused the condition. This includes abstaining from triggers such as excessive alcohol consumption and the use or abuse of certain prescription drugs. Drug or alcohol withdrawal can also cause vertigo, in which case relief can be found by treating the symptoms of withdrawal.
Vertigo is a condition where individuals experience the false sensation of their surroundings moving around them. A patient may notice illusions of whirling, tilting, falling, or spinning in circles. The condition occurs when skin, inner ear, eyes, and nerves do not collect the correct information and give poor messages to the brain. The most common causes of vertigo include reduced flow of blood in the arteries; migraine headaches; and disorders or injuries of the head, ear, or inner ear.
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