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There are various physiology branches to train for, and many individuals specialize in one field. A few of the common types of physiologist jobs include those in the field of cardiology and geriatric care. Another branch of physiology includes pediatrics, a specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of infants, children and teenagers. Physiologist jobs may also involve internships in sports and exercise, neurophysiology or animal physiology. Entry level and advanced programs often include placement in medical research facilities and hospitals, as well as private practices.
Cardiac physiologists study the structure of the heart and its vital functions. Physiologist jobs in cardiology may also involve treatment of various diseases of the heart. In addition, there are sub-specialties in cardiac physiology, such as pediatric cardiology, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of heart conditions in infants and children.
Medical students interested in studying diseases affecting babies and children may choose a physiologist career in pediatrics. Although there are different branches in pediatrics, many pediatric physiologist jobs involve general practice. Sub-specialties in pediatric physiology include pediatric dentistry, pediatric anesthesiology or pediatric emergency medicine. Pediatric anesthesiologists administer anesthesia to pediatric patients who undergo surgical procedures. An emergency medicine physiologist career may involve treating infants and children in a hospital emergency room setting.
Internships offer on-the-job training for various types of physiologist jobs. University students studying physiology may gain experience through an internship focused on any of several branches. Some students find apprenticeship work as a veterinary or animal physiologist. This generally involves studying the basic structure of animal organs and functions. Many summer internship programs provide hands-on training for college students seeking part-time jobs in physiology.
In addition to the practice of direct patient care, some physiologist jobs include work as a research developer, technologist or molecular biologist. Medical scientists often work in laboratory settings, studying life forms such as viruses and bacteria, and its effect on human life and reproduction. An echocardiographer is a highly skilled technician whose physiology work may take place at a cardiologist office or hospital. This type of technician uses advanced equipment to perform procedures that allow doctors to view different areas of the heart and its functions.
An exercise physiologist is involved in the fitness aspect of physiology. He may recommend specialized physical rehabilitation and exercise programs for patients. Many exercise physiologists are employed at fitness and rehabilitation centers, although some practice at medical facilities as well. In most cases, an exercise physiologist will hold a master's degree for his specialty.
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