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What are the Different Kinds of Cortisol Treatments?

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  • Written By: Meshell Powell
  • Edited By: Melissa Wiley
  • Last Modified Date: 30 October 2016
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Cortisol is a hormone that is made naturally by the human body. This hormone helps to control and regulate bodily functions such as blood pressure and immune system function. When the body's cortisol levels are abnormal, various medical issues may arise. If this happens, a synthetic form of cortisol may be used to treat these conditions. Synthetic forms of cortisol, known as corticosteroids or cortisone, may be given in the form of tablets, creams, or injections.

Cortisol treatments are used for several different types of medical conditions, including skin disorders, asthma, and lupus. Cortisol treatments are also used for patients undergoing organ transplantation in order to reduce the chances of organ rejection. The type of treatment necessary will depend on the originating condition as well as the overall health of the patient.

Cortisone creams are often used in cortisol treatments. These creams are available without a prescription, although prescription-strength dosages are sometimes needed. Cortisol treatments involving the use of creams are popular choices in patients suffering from inflammatory conditions such as arthritis or lupus. These creams are also used to treat a variety of skin conditions, including eczema or psoriasis.

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Another one of the most typical cortisol treatments involves the use of corticosteroid tablets. These types of medications are typically prescribed for inflammatory conditions such as lupus, asthma, or a digestive condition called ulcerative colitis. Certain forms of arthritis may also respond well to this type of treatment. Corticosteroids are often used to help prevent organ rejection during and after transplants as well.

Cortisone injections are yet another one of the more common cortisol treatments. These injections are typically given into the affected joint in an effort to reduce inflammation. Conditions such as arthritis are often treated with this method as well as with creams or tablets. It is actually quite common for a doctor to prescribe multiple cortisol treatments at once.

There are some potential negative side effects of cortisol treatments. Fluid retention, or swelling, is common when undergoing this type of treatment, often leading to weight gain. An increase in blood pressure is also frequently reported and should be monitored closely. A patient may become more susceptible to developing various types of infections while undergoing cortisol treatments. Frequent check-ups and good communication with the medical team can help to minimize some of the negative side effects experienced while being treated with any type of cortisol therapy.

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