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What Are the Different Anal Fissure Treatments?

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  • Written By: Valerie Goldberg
  • Edited By: Angela B.
  • Last Modified Date: 08 November 2016
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An anal fissure is a tear in the skin of the rectal area of the body. The tear often causes pain, especially during or after a bowel movement. It is possible for some anal fissures to heal on their own. Many fissure treatments — including Botox®, creams and sitz baths — are available for tears that do not heal naturally. When other anal fissure treatments are unsuccessful, surgery may be performed to heal the tear.

Constipation, Crohn's disease and chronic diarrhea can all cause anal fissures. A person will usually realize he or she has an anal fissure after experiencing excessive pain during a bowel movement or finding blood found on the toilet paper while wiping. Anal fissures also can cause itching or a small, rectal bump. If a person is experiencing pain or discomfort from an anal fissure, he or she should make an appointment with a gastroenterologist.

A doctor may start by recommending at-home anal fissure treatments for most patients. Taking a nightly sitz bath can help to heal an anal fissure. To do this, patients should fill a bathtub with warm water up to their hips and soak for about 20 minutes. Soaking in warm water helps to promote healing by relaxing the anal muscles, which may spasm as a result of the fissure and prevent sufficient blood flow to allow healing. Relaxing the muscles allows blood flow to improve, encouraging healing.

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Prescription creams containing nitroglycerin also can help an anal fissure to health faster. Patients should wear latex gloves while applying the cream and follow their doctor's instructions regarding how much cream to apply each day. As of 2011, some medical professionals are using Botox® injections as an anal fissure remedy. Botox® can be injected into the internal anal sphincter, allowing the muscle spasms to calm down and the area to heal.

When other anal fissure treatments do not help a person to find relief, a doctor may want to perform outpatient surgery. The surgery involves the doctor making a small cut in the internal anal sphincter to relieve pressure and inflammation. Having this procedure performed is not an instant anal fissure fix. The patient will still need to take extra care with the anal area while the fissure and the incision heal.

People can avoid anal fissures by always eating a high-fiber diet. If a person is prone to constipation, he or she should speak to a doctor about taking laxatives or stool softeners to avoid getting an anal fissure. Drinking an adequate amount of water each day also can help to promote healthy bowel movements. Straining during a bowel movement is not normal. A person who constantly experiences straining every time he or she has a bowel movement should make a doctor's appointment as a preventive measure.

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ysmina
Post 3

Has anyone here had Botox for anal fissures? I'm considering it due to chronic anal fissures but I've read contradictory experiences about it. Some people say it did not work, others say it worked great. Does it work as a chronic fissure treatment? Will it provide long-term relief?

ZipLine
Post 2

@fify-- Fissures can heal at home, so you should try to treat them at home first. But it things are not looking better after three or four days, you should probably see a doctor for it. Rarely, an anal fissure may become infected and the infection may spread to the colon. It doesn't happen often but when it does, it's very serious. So a non-healing fissure that continues to bleed and that continues to cause pain needs to be taken care of by a doctor.

Keep using the ointment and do the sitz baths. Applying witch hazel to the area or using witch hazel pads might be helpful. Witch hazel has anti-inflammatory properties and can speed up healing

. Pure aloe vera gel may also soothe skin and reduce irritation.

But the best treatment for an anal fissure is eating a fiber rich diet and preventing constipation. If you strain during bowel movements or if stool is very large and hard, the fissure will not heal. So you need to do everything in your power to have soft, frequent bowel movements. Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains. Snack on dry apricots and prunes, and drink lots of water. If required, take fiber supplements but do not allow yourself to be constipated.

fify
Post 1

I have an anal fissure for the first time ever due to constipation. I haven't seen a doctor, I'm a bit apprehensive about seeing a doctor for this sort of reason. I would like to treat this at home if possible. I'm already using nitroglycerin ointment and I will do a sitz bath tonight. Is there anything else I can due to speed up healing?

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