Category: 

What Are the Differences Between the Male and Female Reproductive Systems?

The male reproductive system has external and internal parts.
The female reproductive system is internally located.
Article Details
  • Written By: Jillian O Keeffe
  • Edited By: Shereen Skola
  • Last Modified Date: 09 April 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
Annual microwave sales in the US are down about 40% since 2004.  more...

April 20 ,  1864 :  Louis Pasteur performed his first pasteurization tests.  more...

Male and female reproductive systems have evolved for different specialties, but for the same goal: to produce children. All of a woman's reproductive system is inside of the body, whereas much of a man's is outside of the body. The functional difference between the two systems is that a woman's is designed to nurture a baby while it grows enough to survive in the world and a man's is a delivery system for sperm. The individual components of the systems also differ.

The reproductive system in women is entirely internal, with exit and entrance points at the vagina. One of the most noticeable differences between men and women is the male genitalia on the outside of the body. The lower temperatures of the outside environment help keep sperm healthy and prevent damage from the levels of heat found inside the body.

A woman has separate openings for urine and for menstruation and sexual intercourse, whereas the man only has one opening to let out urine and semen. Although the external portions of the vagina tend to become engorged with blood during sexual intercourse, a man's penis exhibits much more obvious enlargement. This allows him to use his penis for functional reasons and insert it into the vagina.

Ad

Both the male and female reproductive systems produce hormones, but the hormones differ. Women produce higher levels of female hormones like estrogen and men have more testosterone, for example. These hormones produce wide-ranging effects on the body, such as the development of secondary sexual characteristics like breasts or broad shoulders. Both reproductive systems start making an increasing number of hormones at puberty.

Women have eggs already stored in the ovaries at birth, and the eggs are released every month. Men, on the other hand, make new sperm regularly. The female reproductive system requires a monthly period to renew the lining of the womb, whereas the male system does not require regular maintenance in the same way.

Structurally, the female reproductive system is an area for holding and nurturing an unborn baby. In addition, it is a space where the woman's eggs can mix with the male sperm to produce a new human, which allows the woman to pass on some of her genes to the next generation, and the man to do the same. The male reproductive system does not contain any biological equipment that can support a new baby. Instead, it is a production and delivery system for sperm.

Ad

Discuss this Article

truman12
Post 2

I am considering going on to the birth control pill but I have heard that it can have serious effects on my menstrual cycle. What should I expect and can anyone recommend a brand? Thanks!

summing
Post 1

I have been seeing a lot of ads recently for testosterone enhancement medication for men. Has anyone taken this before? What were the results?

I am 45 and definitely feeling a lot different than I did when I was younger. I am interested in testosterone supplements but kind of skeptical about some of the claims that they make. How much of my problem is related to hormones and how much of it is just a consequence of getting older?

Post your comments

Post Anonymously

Login

username
password
forgot password?

Register

username
password
confirm
email