Category: 

What Are the Catskills?

A group of Jewish resorts in the Catskills is known as the "Borscht Belt."
The Catskills contain many trails that are accessible to novice hikers.
Article Details
  • Written By: Mary McMahon
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 08 October 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
  • Print this Article
Free Widgets for your Site/Blog
The world’s first dog ate reindeer and horse meat.  more...

October 30 ,  1938 :  Orson Welles' "War of the Worlds" was broadcast on radio, causing a panic among some   more...

The Catskills, more formally known as the Catskill Mountains, are a mountain range in New York state. These mountains have been used for summer homes and resorts since the 1800s, and as a result, many people associate them with vacationing and nature, especially in the Jewish community, thanks to the famous "Borscht Belt" of Jewish resorts in the Catskills. Because the land of the Catskills is difficult to farm, they have been vulnerable to resort development, although several conservation organizations have worked to have sections of the mountains set aside as preserves so that future generations can enjoy the natural beauty of the Catskill Mountains.

These famous mountains lie North of New York City and South of Albany, the state capital. Many people consider the Catskills to be part of the Appalachian Range, as they do appear to form an extension of this notable mountain range, but in fact the Catskills are geologically separate from the Appalachians, and, actually, they aren't mountains at all.

Technically speaking, the Catskills are what is known as a "dissected plateau." A dissected plateau is a geological plateau which has been subjected to enough uplift to cause it to rise noticeably above the surrounding landscape, and then severely eroded. The erosion carves out deep valleys and gullies, creating a landscape which looks and feels mountainous. The Allegheny Plateau, which houses the Catskills, stretches back and down into the neighboring states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia.

Ad

For all practical purposes, however, the Catskills look like mountains, feel like mountains, and act like mountains, with a range of hiking trails which can be used in the summer, and skiing and snowshoeing spots enjoyed by people in the winter. Although the Catskills are famously rocky, they are also covered abundantly in local plant species, making them quite attractive in the eyes of many nature lovers, and the terrain is quite varied, climbing as high as 4,204 feet (1,282 meters) in places and proving sweeping views of the surrounding river valleys.

There is some debate as to the name of the Catskills, and in fact the name wasn't set in stone until the 19th century. While the origins of the name are undoubtedly Dutch, the precise translation is disputed. Some people say that "Catskill" should be translated as "cat creek," a reference to the abundant rivers in the area and the once abundant mountain lions. Others believe that the Dutch word in the name is actually a reference to Native American fortification, which would have lined the rivers of the region.

Ad

More from Wisegeek

You might also Like

Discuss this Article

ether
Post 4

Popular hippie-rock ground The Band was photographed in the Catskills for their first album, Music From Big Pink. The Catskills are also mentioned in one their songs called "Time to Kill."

jwal33
Post 3

Both the burning train scene and the ferry scene in War of the Worlds were filmed at the foot of the Catskills in Albany, New York.

skinnylove
Post 2

My favorite bed and breakfast spot in the Catskills is called River Run. It received the 2009 Catskill Service Award for Best Bed and Breakfast. It has twenty rooms, stained glass windows, and an acre of sloping backyard that leads to the Bushkill Stream. The view is breathtaking and the service is excellent. I love the mushroom quiche served as the hot item for breakfast!

mendocino
Post 1

The famous Catskill Mountains were the location of the movie Dirty Dancing.

Post your comments

Post Anonymously

Login

username
password
forgot password?

Register

username
password
confirm
email