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What Are the Best Tips for Building a Pond?

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  • Written By: Tiffany Manley
  • Edited By: Shereen Skola
  • Last Modified Date: 13 September 2016
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Building a pond is a popular way to add charm and character to a yard. When building a pond, an individual might want to consider location, the appropriate way to dig up the space, and how to protect various components. Knowledge of the types of materials to use and the help of an electrician might also be helpful.

Before an individual does any digging, he or she should first decide upon a location appropriate for the pond. Most importantly, he or she should ensure digging will not take place around buried gas or power lines. Building a pond close to a grounded outlet so the pump has a power source is also prudent. Ponds should be placed where individuals will be able to view and enjoy them and away from where children or pets might frequent.

Once a spot has been identified, digging can begin. Digging appropriate levels for plants, stones to cover the liner, and the pump is important. Graduated levels work best so the pond looks appropriate and can adapt to various weather conditions. Spaces should be made for borders, plant terraces, and the water pump.

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When building a pond, a liner is required to keep water levels relatively constant. In order to cushion the liner to avoid punctures and damage, sand and newspaper or outdoor fabric should ideally be put down before placing the liner. These materials should be pressed into place lightly, by hand. To facilitate keeping the liner taut, an individual might want to place the liner into the pond space and gradually fill with water while pulling. Large landscaping stones that hold the liner in place might double as a decorative border.

It is advised that individuals building a pond use a water pump to keep the water moving. This helps protect against attracting bugs and insects such as mosquitoes, and reduces algae growth typical of ponds with standing water. A pump should be placed in a shallow hole in the lowest portion of the pond. The electrical cord and tubing can be fed up the side and through border rock. Many people place the cord in plastic pipe and bury to hide it.

While not a requirement of building a pond, many individuals choose to use the services of an electrician. He or she might help a homeowner ensure the water pump and other electrical components have been installed correctly to avoid any accidents. An electrician might install the components for an individual prior to pond installation.

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