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What are the Best Methods for Mushroom Cultivation?

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  • Written By: Sara Schmidt
  • Edited By: Andrew Jones
  • Last Modified Date: 12 September 2016
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Mushroom cultivation is considered a rewarding hobby by many people. A low-cost activity, it also provides a food source for those who enjoy eating the fungi. With readily available mushroom kits, and simple cultivation procedures, many gardeners find it very simple to grow mushrooms.

Unlike plants, which grow from seeds, mushrooms are produced from microscopic mushroom spores. These spores do not have to be grown in soil. They can be grown anywhere from logs to coffee grounds to incubation chambers.

Growing spores on logs is a popular method of mushroom cultivation. Drill holes into the logs. Place oak dowels filled with mushroom spawn, which can be ordered from a mycology supplies store, into the holes. Cover the holes with wax. Allow the logs to sit in a damp spot off the ground, which will prevent them from unwanted mushroom cultivation by other species.

This method will yield mushrooms within six months or up to two years. The logs should be watered every few weeks during dry weather. Otherwise, they can be simply left alone to cultivate.

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Coffee ground mushroom cultivation is particularly effective with oyster mushrooms. Fill a five gallon bucket halfway with damp coffee grounds. Dig a small hole and plant torn strips of an oyster mushroom into it. Lightly bury the shredded mushroom and cover the container with a lid, leaving it partially open. Mist the inside lightly every other day with water, add new coffee grounds on a regular basis, and mushrooms will usually sprout within three to five weeks.

Various kits and mushroom cultivation systems can be purchased as well. These generally include a growing chamber, containers for the mushrooms, a humidifier or heater, straw or soil, instructions, and tools needed. Prices for these kits range from moderate to costly.

Mycology, or the study of fungi, has determined that mushrooms can be of great use to humans. In cooking, mushrooms can be used in a variety of recipes. Some types are a good source of fiber, potassium, biotin, riboflavin, phosphorus, ascorbic acid, niacin, selenium, and thiamine. The fungi are also known for their medicinal properties, such as their use in penicillin.

Eating mushrooms that are homegrown should be done with caution. While 3,000 varieties of the fungus are edible, some are poisonous. Only mushrooms that are known to be edible should be cultivated for consumption. Some mushrooms, even edible varieties, can also cause mild to severe allergic reactions.

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indigomoth
Post 5

I totally want to do this. I love mushrooms and I feel like they are getting more and more expensive at the store. It would be really cool to watch them grow as well, since they always look so pretty when I see them in the wild.

It sounds like mushroom growing isn't difficult, although I've heard that it can be a bit dependent on luck, since sometimes mushrooms just refuse to pop up.

The good thing is it doesn't seem like it's all that expensive, especially if I can find a place that gives away used coffee grounds.

Mor
Post 4

@anon105708 - It's the same as anywhere I think. Oyster mushrooms are pretty easy to grow, as mushrooms go. You just need a container to hold the substrate (which can be coffee grounds, or straw etc.) and some spores from the mushrooms, which could come from oyster mushrooms that come from the stores.

A lot of garden stores sell mushroom cultivation kits if you want an easy way to get started.

Fa5t3r
Post 3

@anon76407 - First, I would make sure that there is a market for the mushrooms. Remember that, unless you are planning to make a large mushroom farm, you won't be able to produce them as cheaply as a company would be able to. And if no one eats mushrooms in your area, then growing mushrooms isn't going to build you a market.

If you do think there's some chance to sell them though, you will have to investigate if there are any legitimate places where you can get spores. A lot of places don't sell good spores, because they don't go through the process needed to ensure no other mushrooms are going to grow from the same sample.

If necessary, you

will have to buy the mushrooms themselves and use those, but that takes longer and is less certain.

I would just do a lot of research online on growing mushrooms. This article is just a taster really and there are in depth guides out there that can help you more.

anon105708
Post 2

How can I start oyster mushroom cultivation in Maharashtra (India)? -- Rajendra P.

anon76407
Post 1

how can i start this business in gujarat (india)?

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