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What Are Sun Hives?

Hives.
Anti-itch cream can be applied to alleviate the symptoms of hives.
The Sun.
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  • Written By: Marjorie McAtee
  • Edited By: W. Everett
  • Last Modified Date: 17 June 2014
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Sun hives are generally caused by an allergy to sunlight. While many skin conditions can cause sun allergies, solar urticaria is the condition most likely to cause sun hives. Inflammation and itching typically accompany the hives, which usually appear with sun exposure.

Urticaria is a skin condition that commonly causes hives, usually when the person comes into contact with a physical trigger. These triggers can include temperature changes, atmospheric pressure changes, water, and physical activity. For some people, exposure to sunlight triggers the symptoms of urticaria. This type of urticaria is commonly known as solar urticaria.

Solar urticaria is considered a chronic condition. It generally causes inflammation, itching, blisters, and hives on skin exposed to natural sunlight. The sun hives typically appear only on parts of the body exposed to sunlight. They can appear almost immediately, and usually go away again within a few hours if sun exposure is eliminated.

Physicians believe that an autoimmune response is responsible for the skin condition known as solar urticaria. People with this condition may form antibodies against naturally occurring proteins in their own skin. Sun exposure typically changes the chemical composition of these naturally occurring proteins, which can trigger an immune response against them. This immune response is considered responsible for the inflammation, itching, blisters, and sun hives associated with solar urticaria. If a person suffering from solar urticaria exposes too much of their skin to the sunlight, anaphylaxis can occur.

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Solar urticaria is typically diagnosed by exposing the skin to different wavelengths of UV light. Dermatologists are considered most able to accurately diagnose this condition. Some patients may need to expose skin to natural sunlight, rather than the light produced by specialized UV lamps, in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

Antihistamine or steroid medications are generally used to treat the allergic reaction to sunlight associated with solar urticaria. Topical creams are generally prescribed to treat mild to moderate sun hives. Oral medications may be necessary to treat those who suffer from severe reactions to sunlight.

Ultraviolet light therapy can help improve symptoms for some patients. This therapy involves using UV lamps to gradually desensitize some areas of the body to natural sunlight. These lamps are most often used on the face, hands, and other areas likely to experience the most sun exposure. Ultraviolet light therapy can take several weeks, but many patients find that it significantly increases the skin's ability to tolerate exposure to natural sunlight.

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Discuss this Article

ZipLine
Post 3

I get chronic sun hives too. I used to use OTC steroid creams to treat it, but then I discovered aloe vera gel. Pure aloe vera gel is fantastic for sun hives. It soothes the itch, redness and pain. It nourishes skin and helps it heal.

bear78
Post 2

@literally45-- I think ultraviolet light therapy at a medical center is better because they can adjust the amount of light exposure. I have a severe allergy to sun. Even ten minutes will give me hives, so I can't do that.

literally45
Post 1

My mom used to be allergic to sun. She would get sun hives whenever she had sun exposure. She basically cured herself by desensitizing her skin over several years.

My mom has very fair skin. So if she doesn't get sunlight for a long time and then suddenly gets a lot of sun exposure, she gets hives all over her body. So when we went for summer vacation to the beach, it was always very bad for her.

A couple of years ago, her friend who had the same problem suggested that she expose herself to sunlight a little bit as often as possible. So when the weather warms up, mom will put on shorts or a swimsuit, go outside and get sunlight. She never overdoes it, it's enough if she does this for an hour or even half an hour everyday, but consistency is key.

She did this for a few months in spring five years ago and that summer when we went to vacation, it was the first time that she didn't get hives. Desensitizing really works.

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