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Pembroke Welsh Corgis are the perfect example of a big dog in a little body. However, unlike some other small breeds with similar mentality – Jack Russell Terriers may come to mind – the Corgi is less prone to aggression, destructive behavior, and hyperactivity. All in all, this is a fine dog with an excellent personality. When well-trained they are a sheer joy, which may be why Queen Elizabeth II of England owns at least five of them.
In appearance, Pembroke Welsh Corgis are long dogs with a very low ground clearance. They average ten to twelve inches (25 to 30 cm) in height, and between 25 and 30 pounds (11 to 14 kg). They have cute, happy faces, somewhat reminiscent of a fox, and their coats are soft, medium length, and water resistant. The Corgi comes in the colors of tan, black, fawn, red, and sable. Those who wish to own a Corgi should realize that they are engaging in a long-term commitment, as the dogs often live 15 years or more.
Depending upon which authority you chose to believe, Pembroke Welsh Corgis are consistently rated within the top ten to 15 most intelligent dog breeds. This is a good thing, as long as the dog owner understands that smart dogs often need more attention and training than those with a lesser IQ. Training and socializing should begin at an early age, as the Pembroke Welsh Corgi thrives upon such attention and is eager to learn. Failure on the part of the owner to take part in such activities, however, can bring out some of this feisty pup’s less admirable traits.
For example, because of their intelligence, a Corgi may compete with its owner for dominance. It should be established early on, gently but firmly, that the human is the leader of the pack. Also, being a herding dog, an untrained Corgi might decide to begin herding visitors and kids, nipping at their heels and pointing them in the direction they choose. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a good watchdog, but without training its inborn suspicion of strangers can lead to over aggressive behaviors. Also, untrained Corgis tend to be aggressive with other male dogs.
Far more often though, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi’s positive traits far outweigh its negatives. These dogs are playful, obedient, and very good with children. They are incredibly loyal and devoted to their owners, and ask for little but love, caring, and attention. A Corgi is perfectly content with apartment living, but it does need daily exercise. Such jaunts are an excellent time for obedience training, as the Corgi often seems happiest when presented with the challenge of learning new things.
In regard to health, the primary danger to Pembroke Welsh Corgis is obesity. This is a dog that will eat at every opportunity, and it easily gains weight. Never let a Corgi become obese. Because of its build, an overweight Corgi is prone to severe spinal problems and debilitating cases of osteoarthritis.