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What are Hog Traps?

Feral hogs are a nuisance to livestock because they carry diseases.
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  • Written By: Nychole Price
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 09 October 2014
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Feral hogs are found throughout the Southern United States. They are considered to be a nuisance because they destroy crops, spread diseases to livestock, and are aggressive towards people. Hogs have no known predators, allowing them to reproduce quickly. Hog traps are effective in capturing these animals, helping to control the population and protect your property and livestock. Captured hogs can then be domesticated or used for meat.

Cage hog traps, with swing gates, are the most popular type of trap because they don't harm the pig, and there is no risk to the user. Cage traps are also effective at trapping large numbers of hogs at one time. Hogs are very aggressive and have been known to kill people who attempt to capture them. This type of trap allows the user to capture hogs without being in the vicinity.

Hog traps are set in the area where the hog, or hogs, were last seen. Camouflage the hog trap with fresh cut branches. Weave the branches into the wire and throw dirt into the trap. If available, sprinkle urine from a sow who is in heat on the inside of the cage.

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For the first week, you are trying to get rid of the human scent and get the hog accustomed to the trap being there. This is done by tying the door open and placing food, such as corn, in and around the trap. Attach a deer feeder to the trap to continuously supply food. The hogs will pile up in the trap to gorge on the food.

After the hogs have become accustomed to the trap, and eat in it without hesitation, it can be set. Place a corn-filled bucket on a block in the back of the trap. Secure a rope to the bucket and lace it through the back of the trap. Pull the rope tightly over the top of the trap and tie it to a stick that is used to prop open the door. When the pigs eat from the bucket it will fall off the block and cause the door to slam shut.

If you are trapping wild hogs for meat, you can shoot the hog on site. Large pigs can cause a lot of damage to hog traps if approached. Shoot the hog from a distance, making sure to remain hidden. Small hogs can be easily managed and transported alive.

Other types of hog traps include the leg hold and snare trap. These traps are illegal in many areas because they can harm the hogs, or other animals who get caught in the trap. These traps are placed on active travel routes used by the hogs. If this type of trap is used, it should not be set in areas that are frequented by pets, livestock, or foxes.

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