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What Are Common Causes of Brown Sperm?

Direct trauma to the groin may cause brown sperm.
Brown sperm may be present after a man has passed kidney stones.
Brown sperm may be the result of overly-vigorous sexual intercourse.
Men with prostate cancer may experience brown sperm.
Semen is produced in the testes, which are contained in the scrotum.
Brown semen is likely contaminated with blood.
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  • Written By: Marco Sumayao
  • Edited By: Lauren Fritsky
  • Last Modified Date: 26 November 2014
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The discoloration in brown sperm or semen is caused by the presence of blood, a condition known as hematospermia. Brown sperm, in particular, is indicative of older blood, as fresh blood tends to add a bright red discoloration to semen. In most cases, a brownish hue in male ejaculate can be attributed to previous physical trauma and is often no cause for alarm. Several medical conditions can also cause blood in semen, however: prostatitis, epididymitis, and hemophilia are some of the more common causes. Other medical issues that can cause brown sperm include cancer and sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs).

Although the most common causes of hematospermia involve physical damage in or near a patient's genitals, a brown sperm color is usually created only when internal bleeding is slow to heal. Most cases of physical trauma result from overly-vigorous sexual intercourse and direct blows to the groin. The shock from intercourse after a long period of abstinence might cause bleeding in some individuals. Patients will also experience hematospermia after passing or having kidney or bladder stones removed. It is also common for patients to note blood in their seminal fluid.

An inflammation of the prostate gland can cause blood vessels to rupture, leaking blood into the sperm. Patients suffering from prostatitis, or inflammation stemming from an infection, might experience brown sperm. Prostate cancer can cause similar symptoms, especially if the tumor ruptures. Epididymitis, an inflammation of the epididymis, can discolor semen in a similar fashion.

Sexually-transmitted diseases like herpes can cause ulceration in the genital area, creating open sores that might bleed with adequate agitation. STDs can also render the tissue in affected areas abnormally tender, making them more prone to damage and eventual bleeding. In addition, some STDs like gonorrhea make patients more prone to developing other causes of brown sperm, such as epididymitis.

Sperm will eventually return to its natural coloration when the underlying cause is corrected. In the case of physical trauma, the best remedy is to allow the affected area to heal completely by letting it rest. Patients should abstain from rough sexual contact as much as possible during this period. Infections and STDs, on the other hand, can usually be treated with antibiotic medication; drastic cases, however, might require surgical intervention. Cancer can be treated with several forms of non-surgical therapy, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, before patients have to resort to surgical removal of cancerous tissue.

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anon302776
Post 5

I noticed I had brownish sperm recently. Is something wrong? I had never checked it after intercourse.

drtroubles
Post 2

Does anyone know if brown sperm will go away by itself or should it always be treated by a doctor?

I suspect I may have hurt myself during a recent soccer game and am really regretting not wearing the proper safety equipment.

Overall things don't hurt that much but I am still noticing a discoloration in my sperm. I am concerned that I may have done some internal damage. I am going to feel foolish though if I got into the doctor's office with a concern like this and it turns out to be nothing, or something that will pass by itself in a few days.

MrSmirnov
Post 1

If you find yourself with brown sperm it can be very worrisome because it is very obvious that something is wrong. I had this issue and had to overcome my embarrassment to go see a doctor about the issue.

I think that a lot of people are shy when it comes to discussing any issues relating to sexual health and we really need to work to overcome this. For myself I was lucky and my brown sperm was caused by some mild physical trauma I had experienced during intercourse. At the time I thought nothing of it.

If you notice brown sperm get it checked out. While it may be nothing, it could also be from cancer or a STD.

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