With about 1 million hairs per square inch (per 6 square cm), sea otters have more hair per square centimeter than humans do on their entire heads. Humans have an average of 100,000 hairs on their heads and an additional 5 million on their bodies, but sea otters can have as many as 800 million hairs. Their incredibly dense fur serves to keep the otters warm and dry, and it provides the otters with four times the insulation that fat or blubber would. If the fur becomes dirty or slicked with oil, however, its insulating ability is lost, which is why otters are so affected by pollution.
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