Earthquakes are known to generate tsunamis and high waves in general. The single tallest wave ever recorded was a tsunami in 1958 that was about 100 feet (30 meters) tall and was generated in Lituya Bay, Alaska. The wave was caused by an earthquake and subsequent landslide, which involved about 40 million cubic yards of rock falling 3000 feet into the ocean. Scientists also believe that water from a nearby lake may have been displaced by the earthquake and helped to generate the wave.
The tsunami reached as high as 1720 feet above sea level when it hit the shore and completely stripped the affected land of vegetation. While five deaths were recorded, loss of life and property was minimal because there were no settlements near the path of the wave.
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