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How Do I Insert a Suppository?

A suppository is typically inserted in the same manner as a tampon.
Petroleum jelly can make it easier to insert a suppository.
Vaginal suppositories can be used as treatment for yeast infections.
Although rare, a suppository may cause extreme abdominal cramping.
Suppositories.
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  • Written By: Madeleine A.
  • Edited By: W. Everett
  • Last Modified Date: 29 November 2014
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To insert a suppository, the hands should be thoroughly washed and gloves should be worn. The person should lie on his left side, and gently grasp the suppository between the thumb and second finger. The smaller end of the suppository should be placed on the rectal opening and then gently inserted into the rectum, making sure the suppository has passed the anal sphincter muscle. After insertion has been completed, the sphincter muscle should be tensed so that the suppository does not slip out. Effects should be noticeable after 15 minutes, or so.

Petroleum jelly should never be used to insert a suppository, however, water-based lubricants can be useful. Typically, suppositories are already lubricated, though. If pain or extreme pressure occurs, it should be removed, and the health care provider notified. If improperly inserted, suppositories can damage delicate rectal tissue, exacerbate hemorrhoids, or cause rectal bleeding.

Suppositories are also commonly prescribed for use vaginally to treat infections or to provide lubrication for dry vaginal tissue. These are inserted in the same manner as tampons. In some women, vaginal suppositories can cause burning, inflammation, and itching. If the vaginal suppository is improperly inserted, pain and difficulty urinating can result. In fact, an improperly inserted vaginal suppository can cause a urinary tract infection, which will need to be evaluated by a health care professional.

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Most rectal suppositories are used to treat constipation, and are typically glycerin based. Pediatricians often recommend glycerin suppositories for babies who are constipated. Glycerin suppositories are available over the counter at drug stores and other retail stores.

A person may need to insert a suppository when he is unable to take medications orally. This can occur when the individual is vomiting, and is unable to keep anything down. Medications such as acetaminophen, given to reduce pain and fever, and anti-nausea medications are available in suppository form.

A patient with hemorrhoids usually should insert a suppository. If need be, the health care provider can insert a suppository for the patient, or recommended an alternative method of treatment. For those who suffer from chronic diarrhea or other gastrointestinal problems, suppositories can worsen symptoms. Occasionally, a suppository will cause severe abdominal cramping, persistent diarrhea, and nausea. Although these side effects are generally rare, when they do occur, the health care provider should be made aware of them to rule out other, more concerning medical conditions.

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Discuss this Article

irontoenail
Post 3

People make a big deal over suppositories and they are the punchline in a lot of jokes, but they really aren't that big a deal. I think it makes it worse if you've got a bad illness and have to use them, because you feel more ashamed from the stigma.

It's the kind of thing where it just becomes another task once you get used to it.

clintflint
Post 2

@pastanaga - I've heard that some people will use the yogurt in the same way as the suppository if they are particularly prone to infections.

But, the common sense rules are to eat well, wear loose, cotton underwear (not synthetics) and to try not to clean the inside of your vagina, just the outer bits.

It's self cleaning, it doesn't need help and you only end up killing all the good bacteria if you try, which is what leads to bad smells and the necessity of using suppositories.

pastanaga
Post 1

It is really annoying when you have to use suppositories. I've only had to do it once, for a thrush infection, but I hope I never have to do it again. I found it to be almost as unpleasant as the disease, really itchy and uncomfortable.

I think thrush is probably the main reason women have to use suppositories and I just wanted to say that eating natural yogurt is a good way of balancing everything up, at least in my experience. You don't need to buy the fancy kinds, even the cheaper ones are just as good for you as long as you make sure they say it's a live culture on them.

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