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Typically, ways to control nausea include drinking clear liquids, eating light or bland foods, and avoiding greasy, fried foods. In addition, eating and drinking slowly and refraining from brushing the teeth after eating can be effective ways to control nausea. Generally, when nausea occurs upon awakening, eating a few crackers before getting up can resolve or reduce the incidence of nausea. Sometimes, elevating the head approximately 12 inches (30 cm) above the feet can help control nausea.
Generally, non-medication techniques to control nausea are usually effective, but medical intervention may be necessary to control the unpleasant feeling of nausea. Medications used to control nausea can be obtained via prescription or over the counter. Common anti-nausea, over-the-counter medications include Dramamine, Pepto-Bismol and Bonine. In addition, taking these medications with ginger ale or cola may improve results.
Anti-nausea wristbands can sometimes be an effective remedy to control nausea. Many times, medications are contraindicated for women who are pregnant, or anyone who is taking other medications for other medical conditions. In these instances, wristbands that exert pressure on a specific anti-nausea pressure point can be effective. Frequently, wristbands are suggested for people who suffer from motion sickness and morning sickness.
Many times, underlying medical conditions can predispose a person to chronic nausea. These conditions can include migraine headaches, anxiety, and inner ear disturbances, which can cause vertigo. It is important to note that by treating the underlying condition, nausea may also be relieved. Frequently, migraine sufferers take anti-nausea and anti-emetic drugs, as the slightest movement in these patients can trigger strong episodes of nausea and vomiting.
Commonly, medications to control nausea cause substantial side effects. These side effects include drowsiness, lack of coordination, and dry mouth. Although to most people, these side effects are preferable to the feeling of nausea, care should be taking when using them. People should not drive after taking medication to control nausea, nor should they be involved in any activity that requires concentration. Generally, anti-nausea medications should not be taken for long periods of time without consulting a doctor.
It is important for people to realize that if nausea becomes chronic, a physical examination may be needed to determine the cause. Many times, causes of nausea may be as benign as drinking too many caffeinated beverages, but it is important to rule out other conditions. During the physical examination, the physician will take a thorough medical history, perform an examination, and may refer the individual for blood tests or recommend a referral to a specialist in gastrointestinal disorders.