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If you have been diagnosed with astigmatism, you need to inquire from your optometrist or ophthalmologist which options might be best to correct this condition. This may include a prescription for eyeglasses to correct astigmatism causing distortion of vision. You may also have the option of wearing contact lenses, although you should weigh the pros and cons for your particular needs. Laser eye surgery may be an option to correct your vision problems associated with astigmatism, but you should be aware of any possible risks as well as benefits.
Many people who have been diagnosed with astigmatism do not know the exact meaning of the term. Astigmatism refers to the irregular shape of the eye's cornea. You may have astigmatism in one or both eyes. What this generally means is that the shape of your cornea is stretched to seem more oblong than round. This may affect your vision, manifesting in near-sightedness or far-sightedness.
Prescription eyeglasses to correct astigmatism are easiest to maintain and there are no concerns with disinfecting to keep lenses sterile, as with contacts. You may choose lightweight styles that come in a wide array of fashionable frames. If you prefer, your lenses can be transitional. This means that when worn outdoors, they will transform into a darker tinted shade and add protection against the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays.
The disadvantage to choosing eyeglasses, however, would be the need to carry them with you as you travel. Some individuals also believe eyeglasses are not comfortable. Others believe their appearance will be negatively effected when they wear glasses.
Contact lenses will provide you the freedom of never having to wear glasses. While wearing contacts, there is no need for anyone to know, so this option is completely discreet. Contacts will give you a totally clear view, and will not impede any field of vision as eyeglasses have a tendency to do in some cases.
A disadvantage of choosing contact lenses to correct astigmatism is maintenance. You must buy special sterile cleaning solutions and keep contacts dirt free. Some individuals also experience irritation when wearing contact lenses, which may include burning, stinging, and itching.
You may wish to consider a more permanent solution to correct astigmatism. Electing to have laser eye surgery to correct astigmatism and vision problems could be something to ponder. This type of surgery can correct near-sighted vision, as well as far-sighted vision. Many people find this is a lasting solution to vision related issues.
If you do not want to deal with wearing glasses or contacts for the rest of your life, you may prefer the freedom that laser eye surgery may provide. Laser eye surgery may produce side effects and complications in some individuals, however. The changes that are made to the eye will be permanent, for better or worse. Dry eye is a common complaint among patients who undergo this surgery. Some patients have been known to experience distorted vision after surgery as well.