One of my friends is working towards a career as a biomedical research scientist. I've known her since kindergarten and she has always been super smart.
Just like the article says, she got her degree in biology and went on to medical school. Instead of going to medical school all the way through she took a year off after her sophomore year to participate in a research science fellowship and has presented her research at conferences and been published.
From what she's told me about the industry this article is right on target. It is very competitive and results driven. A research scientist can very easily fade into obscurity if he or she isn't producing and publishing relevant research.
Until my friend went to medical school I had no idea medical research could be so cutthroat!